The Third Reich and Gnosticism

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2012
γνῶσις

G N O S T I C I S M
And the Third Reich
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2012
"The old beliefs will be brought back to honor again.
The whole secret knowledge of nature, of the divine, the demonic.
We will wash off the Christian veneer and bring out a religion peculiar to our race."

Adolf Hitler

National Socialism, the political philosophy of the Third Reich, is a unique phenomena in the history of political thought - paradoxically, because National Socialism is not strictly speaking a political philosophy.
National Socialism is not a political and economic ideology, because it is a gnostic-religious philosophy - a quasi-religion - a separate understanding of the cosmos - which, while looking to the future, has its roots in the distant, ancient past.
And the essence of the National Socialist 'religion' is Gnosticism.

GNOSTICISM

Gnosticism (from gnostikos, "learned", from Greek: gnosis, knowledge) is a scholarly term for a set of religious beliefs and spiritual practices common to early Christianity, Hellenistic Judaism, Greco-Roman mystery religions, Zoroastrianism (especially Zurvanism), and Neoplatonism.

The word 'Gnosticism' is a modern construction, though based on an antiquated linguistic expression: it comes from the Greek word meaning 'knowledge', gnosis.
However, gnosis itself refers to a very specialised form of knowledge, deriving both from the exact meaning of the original Greek term and its usage in Platonist philosophy.
Unlike modern English, ancient Greek was capable of discerning between several different forms of knowing.
These different forms may be described in English as being propositional knowledge, indicative of knowledge acquired indirectly through the reports of others or otherwise by inference (such as "I know of George Bush" or "I know Berlin is in Germany"), and empirical knowledge acquired by direct participation or acquaintance (such as "I know George Bush personally" or "I know Berlin, having visited").
Gnosis refers to knowledge of the second kind.
Therefore, in a religious context, to be 'Gnostic' should be understood as being reliant not on knowledge in a general sense, but as being specially receptive to mystical or esoteric experiences of direct participation with the divine.
Indeed, in most Gnostic systems the sufficient cause of salvation is this 'knowledge of' ('acquaintance with') the divine.


This is commonly identified with a process of inward 'knowing' or self-exploration, comparable to that encouraged by Plotinus * (c. 205–270 AD) (see left).

Πλωτῖνος - Plotinus (ca. AD 204/5–270) was a major Greek philosopher of the ancient world.

In his system of theory there are the three principles: the One, the Intellect, and the Soul.
His teacher was Ammonius Saccas and he is of the Platonic tradition. Historians of the 19th century invented the term Neoplatonism and applied it to him and his philosophy which was influential in Late Antiquity. Much of the biographical information about Plotinus comes from Porphyry's preface to his edition of Plotinus' Enneads.
His metaphysical writings have inspired centuries of Pagan, Christian, Jewish, Islamic and Gnostic metaphysicians and mystics.
Plotinus taught that there is a supreme, totally transcendent "One", containing no division, multiplicity or distinction; likewise it is beyond all categories of being and non-being.
The concept of "being" is derived by us from the objects of human experience called the dyad, and is an attribute of such objects, but the infinite, transcendent One is beyond all such objects, and therefore is beyond the concepts that we derive from them.
The One "cannot be any existing thing", and cannot be merely the sum of all such things (compare the Stoic doctrine of disbelief in non-material existence), but "is prior to all existents".
Thus, no attributes can be assigned to the One.
We can only identify it with the Good and the principle of Beauty.
The One, therefore, could not be associated with Yaweh of the Jews or the Christian Trinity
This process of inward 'knowing', or self-exploration, is what helps separate Gnosticism from proto-orthodox views, where the orthodox views are considered to be superficial.
The inadequate take then requires a correct form of interpretation.
With 'gnosis' comes a fuller insight that is considered to be more spiritual.
Greater recognition of the deeper spiritual meanings of doctrines, scriptures, and rituals are obtained with this insight.
However, as may be seen, the term 'gnostic' also had precedent usage in several ancient philosophical traditions, which must also be weighed in considering the very subtle implications of its appellation to a set of ancient religious groups.
A common characteristic of some of these groups was the teaching that the realisation of Gnosis (esoteric or intuitive knowledge), is the way to salvation of the soul from the material world.
They saw the material world as created through an intermediary being (demiurge) rather than directly by God.
In most of the Gnostic systems, this demiurge was seen as imperfect, in others even as evil.
Different gnostic schools sometimes identified the demiurge as Adam Kadmon, Ahriman, El (deity), Saklas, Samael, Satan, Yaldabaoth, or Yahweh.
The movement spread in areas controlled by the Roman Empire and the Persian Empire; it continued to develop in the Mediterranean and Middle East before and during the 2nd and 3rd centuries.
As referred to above, Gnosticism derives much of its outlook from Platonist influences.
Typically, it depicts creation in a series of emanations from a primal, monadic source, finally resulting in the creation of the material universe.
As a result, there is a tendency in these schools to view evil in terms of matter which is markedly inferior to goodness, evil as lacking spiritual insight and goodness, rather than to emphasize portrayals of evil as an equal force.
These schools of gnosticism may be said to use the terms 'evil' and 'good' as being relative descriptive terms, as they refer to the relative plight of human existence caught between such realities and confused in its orientation, with 'evil' indicating the extremes of distance from the principle and source of goodness, without necessarily emphasizing an inherent negativity.


Gnostic and pseudo-gnostic ideas became influential in some of the philosophies of various esoteric mystical movements of the late 19th and 20th centuries in Europe and North America, including some that explicitly identify themselves as revivals or even continuations of earlier gnostic groups.

A number of 19th century thinkers such as William Blake,
Arthur Schopenhauer (see left), Albert Pike
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and Madame Blavatsky (see left) studied Gnostic thought extensively and were influenced by it, and even figures like Herman Melville and W. B. Yeats (see below right) were more tangentially influenced.





Jules Doinel "re-established" a Gnostic church in France in 1890, which altered its form as it passed through various direct successors (Fabre des Essarts as Tau Synésius and Joanny Bricaud as Tau Jean II most notably), and which, although small, is still active today.


Early 20th century thinkers who heavily studied and were influenced by Gnosticism include Carl Jung (who supported Gnosticism) (see left), Eric Voegelin (who opposed it), Jorge Luis Borges (who included it in many of his short stories), and Aleister Crowley (see below right), with figures such as Hermann Hesse being more moderatedly influenced.

Rene Guenon founded the gnostic review, Le Gnose in 1909 (before moving to a more "Perennialist" position)
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Gnostic Thelemite organizations, such as Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica and Ordo Templi Orientis, (see right) trace themselves to Crowley's (see left) thought.






In the 20th Century there have been two major developments which have changed what we know about Gnosticism.
One is the discovery of major documents and treatises either by leading gnostics or by their closest disciples and followers.
The other development is the interest shown by leaders of the Third Reich in these movements, and the subsequent study of the ideology in terms of such thought.
Among the major works to appear reinterpreting the National Socialist movement in such terms are Pauwels and Bergiers' 'The Morning of the Magician' (in French, and translated into many languages - 'The Dawn of Magic' in English), Ravenscroft's 'The Spear of Destiny' and 'The Cup of Destiny' and Angebert's 'The Occult and the Third Reich'.


© Copyright Peter Crawford 2012
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2012
Many of the groups referred to above influenced or were related to the the seminal groups that fed into the development of the German Workers Party (DAP).
These included the Ordo Templi Orientis, and the Theosophical Society which greatly influenced the Thule Gesellschaft (see left), Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels Order of the New Templars (Ordo Novi Templi, or ONT), the Kosmotechnische Gesellschaft and the Hörbiger Institute, and the Vril Society (see right).


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click below for a fully expanded text and photos

All these groups were opposed to the simplistic faith in a personal god, and instead looked to an impersonal 'One', as invoked by Plotinus and the Neo Platonic, Hellenistic Gnostics.
From this it was an easy step to identifying the Christian and Jewish God with the Demiurge*.

The demiurge is a concept from the Platonic, Neopythagorean, Middle Platonic, and Neoplatonic schools of philosophy for an artisan-like figure responsible for the fashioning and maintenance of the physical universe. The term was subsequently also adopted by the Gnostics.

Although a fashioner, the demiurge is not quite the creator figure in the familiar monotheistic sense; both the demiurge itself and the material from which the demiurge fashions the universe are considered the product of the One.

The word demiurge is an English word from a Latinized form of the Greek δημιουργός demiourgos, common noun meaning "craftsman" or "artisan", but gradually it came to mean "producer" and eventually "creator".
The philosophical usage and the proper noun derives from Plato's Timaeus, written circa 360 BC, in which the demiurge is presented as the creator of the universe.
This is accordingly the definition of the demiurge in the Platonic (ca. 310 BC-90 BC) and Middle Platonic (ca. 90 BC-300 AD) philosophical traditions.
In the dualist ideology of the various Gnostic systems, the material universe is evil while the non-material world is good.
Accordingly, the demiurge is malevolent.

For many Gnostic thinkers the Demiurge is identified with the Jewish god Yaweh.
The logical conclusion then follows that as the Jews worship Jaweh they are worshiping an evil entity, and therefore the jews themselves are evil - and it is from these conclusions that anti-Semitism had its origins in Classical culture, and was later transmitted to the Christian culture of Europe.
In the 19th century, with the development of renewed interest in Gnosticism, combined with the Occult revival, anti-Semitism once gain became a commonplace among the intellectual elite.
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click below for a discussion of

While many have looked to experiences in Hitler's early life to explain his anti-Semitism - ranging from a syphilitic infection received from a Jewish prostitute, to his desire for revenge against the Jewish doctor who treated his mother during her last illness - none of these theories are really tenable.
Kubizek makes it clear that Hitler had no interest in prostitutes, and that his relations with the opposite sex - Sophie - were romantic and idealised.
Equaly Hitler was grateful, for the remainder of his life, for the care that Dr Eduard Bloch gave to his mother, and made every effort to enable Bloch to escape the pogrom against the Jews which occurred after he came to power.
In fact Hitler's anti-Semitism was not a personal vendetta against that particular race, but rather a mystical imperative which he had learned from his understanding of the Theosophical and Gnostic ideas that were an essential part of the weltanschauung of Dietrich Eckart (see right) and the Thule Gesselschaft.

click below for a fascinating insight into the occult source of Hitler's power
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© Copyright Peter Crawford 2012
JULIUS  EVOLA



Baron Julius Cesare Andrea Evola is one of history's most enigmatic occult and parapolitical figures.
Little-known outside Europe, Evola is often cited as the Godfather of contemporary fascism and radical politics.
A close examination of the historical record reveals a more complex figure.
Evola wore many masks: a parapolitical philosopher who ranked with Oswald Spengler and Arnold Toynbee, a religious historian who coresponded with Mircea Eliade, and a provocateur who dabbled in Dada.

Born to a Catholic aristocratic family on May 19, 1898, Barone Giulio Cesare Andrea Evola (May 19, 1898 – June 11, 1974) led an extraordinary life as a mountaineer, philosopher, solider, religious historian, artist, magician and political theorist.
Evola regarded his stances and spiritual values as aristocratic, masculine, traditionalist, heroic and defiantly reactionary.
Evola believed that mankind is living in a Dark Age of unleashed materialistic appetites, spiritual oblivion and organised deviancy.
To counter this and call in a primordial rebirth, Evola presented his world of Tradition.
The core trilogy of Evola's works are generally regarded as 'Revolt Against the Modern World', 'Men Among the Ruins' and 'Ride the Tiger'.
According to one scholar, "Evola’s thought can be considered one of the most radically and consistently antiegalitarian, antiliberal, antidemocratic, and antipopular systems in the twentieth century."
Much of Evola's theories and writings are centred on spiritualism and mysticism; the inner life. He authored books covering themes such as Hermeticism, the metaphysics of war and of sex, mountaineering, the Holy Grail, the essence and history of civilisations, decadence and various philosophic and religious Traditions dealing with  the Classics.
Though never a member of the National Fascist Party itself, or advocate of the term to describe his stances, Evola regarded his position as that of a sympathetic right-wing intellectual, who saw potential in the movement and wished to guide or reform its errors through criticism, to a position inline with his own views.

Giulio Cesare Andrea Evola was born in Rome to a noble Sicilian family.
His father, Vincenzo Evola, was born in Cinisi.
Fluent in French and German, the young Evola was significantly influenced by the virtue theory of German philosopher Friedrich Neitzsche.
As an ardent Mountain climber, the young Italian found spiritual invigoration upon the peaks of the Alps.
Coming to age on the dawn of the First World War, Evola joined the Italian Army serving in the Mountain Artillery as an artillery officer on the Asiago plateau.
After the war, attracted to the avant-garde, Evola briefly associated with Filippo Marinetti's Futurist movement, but became a prominent representative of Dadaism in Italy through his painting, poetry, and collaboration on the shortly published journal, 'Revue Bleu'.
In 1922, after concluding that avant-garde art was becoming commercialized, he reduced his focus on artistic expression such as painting and poetry.
Around 1920, his interests led him into spiritual, transcendental and "supra-rational" occult studies.
He began reading various esoteric texts and gradually delved deeper into the occult, alchemy, magic, and Oriental studies.
In 1927, along with other Italian esotericists, he founded the Gruppo di Ur.
The group's aim was to provide a "soul" to the burgeoning Fascist movement of the time through the revival of an ancient Paganism.
While he was generally sympathetic with its aims and ideology, Evola never joined Mussolini's National Fascist Party.

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At one point, the Duce (see left) asked Evola why he hadn’t joined the Fascist Party proper.
Evola replied that the continued existence of the party proved the failure of fascism, after all, if the state had become all and absorbed all lesser allegiances, how could there be such a thing as a “party,” which, as the word indicates, represents a partial or special interest ?
Evola was one of a number of right-wing ideologues who opposed Benito Mussolini's Lateran Accords with the Roman Catholic Church and rejected the Fascist party's nationalism and its focus onmass movement mob politics; he hoped to influence the regime toward his own variation on fascist racial theories and his "Tradionalist" philosophy.
Mussolini read Evola's 'Sintesi di Dottrina della Razz'a in August 1941, and was impressed enough to personally meet with Evola and offer him his praise.
Evola later recounted that Mussolini had found in his work a uniquely Roman form of fascist racism distinct from that found in Nazi Germany.
With Mussolini's backing, Evola launched the journal 'Sangue e Spirito' (Blood and Spirit).
In order to further study German racial theorists, Evola traveled to Germany in February 1942 and obtained support for German collaboration on 'Sangue e Spirito' from leading Nazi race theorists.
Evola supported Fascism for his own ends, but was rebuked by the regime because his ends were not always theirs.
Italian Fascism went into decline when, during the midst of the War in 1943, Mussolini was deposed and imprisoned.
Evola, although not a member of the Fascist Party,  was one of the first people to greet Mussolini when the latter was broken out of prison by Otto Skorzeny in 1943.
After the Italian surrender to the Allied forces on September 8, 1943, Evola moved to Germany, where he spent the remainder of World War II, also working as a researcher on Freemasonry for the SS Ahnenerbe in Vienna.
It was Evola's custom to walk around the city during bombing raids in order to better 'ponder his destiny'.
During one such Soviet raid, in March or April 1945, a shell fragment damaged his spinal cord and he became paralyzed from the waist down, remaining so for the remainder his life.

There was much in National Socialism that attracted Evola: the concept of a state ruled by an Order, which he felt was embodied by the SS.
'We are inclined to the opinion that we can see the nucleus of an Order in the higher sense of tradition in the 'Black Corps,' he wrote in Vita Italiana (August 15, 1938).
Again in Vita Italiana (August 1941, 'Per una profonda alleanza italo-germanica' [For a Deep Italian-Germanic Alliance]) he writes: 'Beyond the confines of the party, and of any political-administrative structure, an elite in the form of a new 'Order'—that is, a kind of ascetic-military organization that is held together by the principles of 'loyalty' and 'honor,' must form the basis of the new state.'
As mentioned, Evola held the SS, which Himmler strove to design according to the model of the Teutonic Order, to be this elite.
The Burgs of the SS Order, with their 'initiations,' the emphasis on transcending the purely human element, the prerequisite of physical valor, as well as the ethical requirements (loyalty, discipline, defiance of death, willingness to sacrifice, unselfishness), strengthened Evola in his conviction.

After World War II, Evola continued his work in esotericism.
He wrote a number of books and articles on sexual magic and various other esoteric studies, including 'The Yoga of Power: Tantra, Shakti, and the Secret Way' (1949), 'Eros and the Mysteries of Love: The Metaphysics of Sex' (1958), 'Meditations on the Peaks: Mountain Climbing as Metaphor for the Spiritual Quest' (1974), 'The Path of Enlightenment According to the Mithraic Mysteries' (1977).
He also wrote his two explicitly political books 'Men Among the Ruins: Post-War Reflections of a Radical Traditionalist' (1953), 'Ride the Tiger: A Survival Manual for the Aristocrats of the Soul' (1961), and his autobiography 'The Path of Cinnabar' (1963).
In the post-war years, Evola's writings were held in high esteem by members of the Neo-fascist movement in Italy, and because of this, he was put on trial from June through November 1951 on the charge of attempting to revive Fascism in Italy.
He was acquitted because he could prove that he was never a member of the Fascist party, and that all accusations were made without evidence to prove that his writings glorified Fascism.

Evola died unmarried, without children, on June 11, 1974 in Rome.
His ashes were deposited in a hole cut in a glacier on Mt. Rosa.


PHILOSOPHY

Friedrich Nietzsche heavily affected Evola's thought.
However, Evola criticized Nietzsche for lacking the "transcendent element" in his philosophy, thus ultimately leading to the latter's mental collapse.
A reference point is needed according to Evola, and this point can not be reached with senses or logic but with transcendental experiences achieved through symbolism of the heroic element in Man.


Evola's systematic and detailed references to ancient and modern texts make it difficult to speak about influences, though affinities could exist between Evola and Plato, Oswald Spengler (see right), Houston Stewart Chamberlain (see left), 
Arthur de Gobineau, Friedrich Nietzsche, Meister Eckhart, Homer, Jacob Boehme, René Guénon and certain Catholic thinkers like Juan Donoso Cortés and Joseph de Maistre.

The Italian philosopher of history Giambattista Vico provided Evola with the concepts of primordial heroic law, "natural heroic rights" and the meaning of the Indo-European Latin term vir as indicative of "wisdom, priesthood and kingship."
Crucial to Evola's formulation of the idea of "solar masculinity" versus "chthonic masculinity" and matriarchal regression was the maverick 19th century Swiss scholar Johann Jakob Bachofen. Other prominent, philosophically foundational influences for Evola include the ancient Aryo-Hindu scripture that teaches the concept of "detached violence", and the Bhagavad Gita.
Like Guénon (see right), he believed that mankind is living in the Dark Age of unleashed, materialistic appetites.
This Dark Age is the last of four ages, which form a cycle from the Golden Age through the Hesiodic Iron Age.
Evola argued that both Italian fascism and National Socialism held hope for a reconstitution of the primordial "celestial race."

For Evola, the word Tradition had a meaning very similar to that of Truth.
The doctrine of the four ages, a broad characterization of the attributes of Tradition and their manifestations in traditional societies makes up the first half of Evola's major work 'Revolt Against the Modern World'.

In 'Revolt Against the Modern World', he expounds according to the ancient texts that there is not one Tradition, but two: An older and degenerate tradition that is feminine, matriarchal, unheroic, associated with the telluric negroid racial remnants of Lemuria (continent); and a higher one that is masculine, heroic, "Uranian" and purely Aryo-Hyperborean (see right) in its origin.
The latter one later gave rise to an ambiguous Western-Atlantic tradition, which combined aspects of both through the historical Hyperborean migrations and their degenerating assimilation of exotic spiritual influences from the South.
According to Evola, in the Golden Age there existed in the dominating elites, the "Divine Kings", a convergence of the two powers, namely the spiritual principle and the royal principle.
From the Aryan tradition, he sees the human type of the Divine King as an embodiment of the Golden Age ideal.

The classical Traditional polity is structured according to a strict hierarchy of sociopolitical functions, where the lower functions are concerned with mere matter and organic vitality and the ascending functions progressively ruled by spirit.

This order, in which powers of spirit correlate to societal status, Evola finds crystallized in the Republic of Plato (see left), ancient Iranian society and the medieval hierarchical class divisions between peasants, burghers, nobility and the clergy and military religious orders (see estates of the realm).
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The involution through the cycle of the ages was mirrored in the law of the regression of the castes, from the primal "heaven-born" kings to the deconsecrated slavish usurpers and raceless pariahs of the present.
Evola saw the Ghibelline dynasty of Hohenstauffen emperors (see right) (1152–1271) as the Germanic champion of the primordial "sacred regality" in a renewed Holy Roman Empire.
Once the solar, golden, sacred regality of the mythical first age fell, power devolved upon a lunar, silver, feminized priestly caste before an unconsecrated warrior nobility struggled against it, announcing the Bronze Age.
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Then power shifts to the mercantile caste, represented by the Italian comune, Freemasonry (see left), the Jewish financial oligarchy of the Renaissance, and New World American Judeo-Protestant plutocracy.
By the beginning of the twentieth century, organized labor and Marxist-Trotskyite subverters sought to transfer power to the last caste of slaves, or the consumer-pariah, reducing all values to matter, machines, dysgenic egalitarianism and the reign of abstract quantity.

The path to enlightenment is the chief subject of a number of Evola's works.
He tries to show the ways that allow a man to survive spiritually intact in the modern age of obscuration and to achieve supra-human liberation or transcendence.

Even in his book 'Meditations on the Peaks: Mountain Climbing as Metaphor for the Spiritual Quest' Evola discussed mountaineering as a possible approach or support on the way of initiatic ascesis in which heroic action is combined with specialized knowledge and training culminating in an initiation — the climbing of the mountain (see right).
In this way, and not as a sport or a recreation, mountaineering can be a "spiritual quest," as the subtitle of the book suggests.

According to Julius Evola, tradition in its purest form encompassed asceticism, which he described in 'The Doctrine of Awakening: The Attainment of Self-Mastery'.
He describes two basic and complementary types of asceticism — that of action and that of contemplation. The asceticism of action is personified by the warrior while that of contemplation by the pure ascetic.

In 'The Metaphysics of War - Battle, Victory & Death in the World of Tradition' Evola describes how war can be a means through which the warrior can be called to a higher form of spiritual existence.
He mentions many armies that have waged war for a spiritual purpose, for example the Christian knights during the crusades, the Islamists' Jihad, the pagan Asatru, etc, where those who died in battle were seen as heroes and went to a "higher place" after they died.
Evola rejected pacifism as it, according to him, was materialistic and made people comfortable and weak in their existence, while war breaks the routine of "comfortable life" and offers a transfiguring knowledge of life: "life according to death".
Evola writes that war always has an anti-materialist value, a spiritual value.
In his works Evola calls for the "reawakening of heroic ideals" and spiritualism through war.

In 'Eros and the Mysteries of Love: The Metaphysics of Sex', Evola described the practice of sexual magic as an asceticism of action that allows one to achieve transcendent states through physical action, primarily sex.
To explain the metaphysics of sex, Evola cites the original meaning of the word "orgy" as "the state of inspired exaltation that began the initiatory process in the ancient Greek mysteries, but when this exaltation of eros, itself akin to other experiences of a supersensual nature, becomes individualized as a longing that is only carnal, then it deteriorates and ends finally in the form constituted by mere "pleasure, or venereal lust" (The Metaphysics of Sex, p. 48).
Evola considered sex as being "the greatest magical force in nature".

There are contradictory views among scholars as to Evola's political categorization and his possible relationship with fascism and neofascism.
Evola held that politics, like everything else in life, should look upward and beyond the self. Evola's main argument against modern "demagogic" politics is its inverted materialistic focus and mentality, stemming from an inverted order of castes.
According to Evola, in modernity, due to what he calls the regression of the castes, the once-preeminent warrior caste (crystallized in the medieval military religious orders and ethical chivalry and its warrior code) has been downgraded into the figures of the mere democratic soldier and mercenary, who are servants of the artificial, soulless needs of the now-dominant mercantile and industrial interests.
As Evola states, "Opposite to the 'soldier' was the type of the warrior and the member of the feudal aristocracy; the caste to which this type belonged was the central nucleus in a corresponding social organization. This caste was not at the service of the bourgeois class but rather ruled over it, since the class that was protected depended on those who had the right to bear arms"
On the meaning of his anti-middle-class stance, Evola stated:
We are "anti-bourgeois" not in the descending sense of subversive collectivists but in the sense of opposing the dominance of the lower manifestations of the modern bourgeois spirit (effeminate materialism, commercialism, gangsterism, etc.).
The bourgeois tendency has its inevitable role in society, but must not be absolutized; rather, the bourgeoisie must be purified, contained, its values given their space but subordinated to superior values.
We are anti-bourgeois because the bourgeois type, while ranking above the proletarian, yet stands inferior to the soldierly-heroic and spiritual-priestly orders.
The bourgeois type, compared to the sacral-warrior, only represents a lesser degree of progressive manhood (unedited Italian edition of 'Men Among the Ruins').
Evola attempted to influence Italy's fascist movement in the conservative-revolutionary direction he believed it should go — the direction of radical Traditionalism; i.e. away from the exoteric modern Christian Church, the bourgeoisie, and the masses.
In the decade immediately following the war, Evola wrote two books which fall loosely into the categories "asceticism of action" and "asceticism of contemplation" in their prescriptions for political action.
In 'Men Among the Ruins', Evola described a Traditionalist attitude — possibly leading to a reactionary revolution — like what he had hoped Fascism could have been with the right leaders.
This attitude is a sort of asceticism of action calling for political action to reform current society in a conservative-revolutionary/radical Traditional direction.


OCCULT RACISM

A number of Evola's articles and books deal explicitly with the subject of race.
In the German translation of 'Imperialismo pagano' Evola considered principled anti-Semitism one of the essentials of a salvific 'racial rebirth' in the modern world.
Not only did Evola make a point of identifying Karl Marx (see right), one of the architects of the modern world of materialism, inferiority, pretended equality, and cultural decay, as a Jew - but he spoke of a Jewish capitalistic yoke that obstructed every effort at racial regeneration".
Evola accused Jews, as well as what he termed the "semitic spirit," of having a corrosive effect on the "Nordic" race (a race that was, in Evola's mythology, analogous to the Nazi's "Aryans"). Evola argued that not only Jews, but even non-Jews "Judaicized in their souls" must be combated by a "coherent, complete, impartial" anti-Semitism given the means to "identify and combat the Jewish mentality."
Evola supported the Nazi anti-Semitic view that there was a hidden form of Jewish power and influence in the modern world; he thought this Jewish power was a symptom of the "modern" world's lack of true aristocratic leadership.
Evola further held that Jewish people denigrated lofty "Aryan" ideals (of faith, loyalty, courage, devotion, and constancy) through a "corrosive irony" that ascribed every human activity to economic or sexual motives (à la Marx and Freud).

In a 1938 article Evola accused Sigmund Freud (see left), Karl Marx, and Cesare Lombroso of being "proponents of Jewish materialistic culture in the nineteenth century; two years later, in an essay entitled "Jews and Mathematics," Evola characterized Judaism as the antithesis of "Aryan civilation," and broadly attacked a range of what he considered examples of Jewish influences, from Pythagoreanism to mathematics.
The article was illustrated with pictures of notable Jews interspersed with classic anti-Semitic representations.
In 'The Metaphysics of Sex' (Inner Traditions, 1st US edition 1983, pps. 9-10), Evola discoursed on his philosophy of de-evolutionary spiritual racism: "Our starting point will be not the modern theory of evolution but the traditional doctrine of involution. We do not believe the man is derived from the ape by evolution. We believe that the ape is derived from man by involution. We agree with Joseph De Maistre that savage peoples are not primitive peoples, in the sense of original peoples, but rather the degenerating remains of more ancient races that have disappeared. We concur with the various researchers (Kohlbrugge, Marconi, Dacque, Westenhofer, and Adloff) who have rebelled against the evolutionary dogma, asserting that animal species evince the degeneration of primordial man's potential. These unfulfilled or deviant potentials manifest as by-products of the true evolutionary process that man has led since the beginning."
Evola believed that a race of "Nordic" people, anciently emanating from Golden Age Arctic Hyperborea, originally semi-immaterial and "soft-boned", had played a crucial founding role in Atlantisand the high cultures both of the East and West.


In Evola's eyes, half-remembered, cryptic memories of a "more-than-human race" once existing in a "northern paradise" (see right) constitute the patrimony of the traditions of many diverse peoples.
In this occult belief, Evola posited the polar North as the original home of the white Ur-Aryan tribes.
According to Joscelyn Godwin's research: "the basic outlines of Evola's prehistory resemble those of Theosophy, with Lemurian, Atlantean, and Aryan root-races succeeding each other, and a pole-shift marking the transition from one epoch to another" (Arktos, p. 60).
Evola's dualism between the Northern Light and the Southern Light, and also the capture of the Atlanteans by the latter, is also found in the writings of Theosophy's co-founder Helena Petrovna Blavatsky:
“ The Atlanteans gravitated toward the Southern Pole, the pit, cosmically and terrestrially -- whence breathe the hot passions blown into hurricanes by the cosmic Elementals, whose abode it is."
“Every beneficent (astral and cosmic) action comes from the North; every lethal influence from the South Pole. They are much connected with and influence right and left hand magic."
Dr. Victor A. Shnirelman, a cultural anthropologist and ethnographer, has noted that cosmological racial ideas also appear in the Neo-Theosophical writings of H. P. Blavatsky's one-time disciple Alice Bailey.
Shnirelman wrote that in Bailey's teachings, "Jews were depicted as the 'human product of the former Solar system,' linked with 'World Evil'"; he identified "similar ideas" in the works of Bailey and Evola.
According to Evola, the hierarchy of races is really a hierarchy of embodied spiritualities; the spirit, rather than ethnic substance, determines culture; but at the same time race is the biological "memory" of a certain spiritual orientation.
In order to describe what he called the lower, telluric, Negroid races, he frequently made use of the term "Southern" whereas to him higher races were "Northern."
"North" and "South" are indicated as having simultaneously metaphysical, geographical and anthropological meanings:
Especially during the period of the long icy winter, it was natural that in the northern races the experience of the Sun, of Light, and of Fire itself should have acted in a spiritually liberating sense.
Hence natures which were Uranian-solar, Olympian or filled with celestial fire would have developed much more from the sacral symbolism of these races than from others.
Moreover, the rigor of the climate, the sterility of the soil, the necessity for hunting, and finally the need to emigrate across unknown seas and continents would naturally have molded those who preserved that spiritual experience of the Sun, of the luminous sky, and of fire into the temperament of warriors, of conquerors, of navigators, so as to favor that synthesis between spirituality and virility of which characteristic traces are preserved in the Aryan races (Revolt, p. 208).
According to Evola, the more recent Northern, White and Aryan peoples (despite racial mixing) implicitly preserved more of the primordial Arctic Hyperborean blood-memory and are objectively spiritually superior to the archaic, matter-obsessed degenerate remnants of the races of the South.
On the "demonic" nature of the lower negroid races and their degenerating remnants, Evola relies on an old Aryo-Zoroastrian tradition that teaches negroids belonged to the dark side.
Flowering forth in the Greek, pre-Celtic, Aryan, Roman, Germanic representatives, with more or less ethnic but great spiritual purity, the "Northern Light" was considerably lost to the Atlantean offshoot which defiled itself through spiritual integration into the spiritual lunar sphere of the world of the "Mother" or "Earth" of the "Southern Light" and further miscegenation with bestial, dark Lemurian stocks.
'Revolt Against the Modern World' presents world-history to be the saga of dualistic conflict between the "Northern Light" and the "Southern Light": on one side stand the Uranian, patriarchal stocks of purer Hyperborean lineage, climatically harshly conditioned and heroic-minded celebrators of the winter solstice, on the other stand the chthonic and titanized inferior races and the spiritually/ethnically bastardized heirs of the fallen Atlantean civilization captured by the "Southern Light" and its sacerdotal and naturalistic-pantheist religion of promiscuous vegetal and animal fertility.
Evola cites Plato's description of the fall of Atlantis by Atlantean miscegenation with humankind (Critias, 110c; 120d-e; 121a-b) and the biblical myth of the benei elohim, the Sons of God catastrophically mixing with the "daughters of men" (Genesis 6: 4-13) as support for his esoteric, Aryanist anthropogenesis.
Evola interprets archeological findings of semi-human hominid fossils as not purely primordial but evidence of the mismating of the celestial boreal race with inferior animalistic breeds as well, and most often, as remnants of degenerating, bestialized races in their final involutionary stages preceding extinction.
Just as Evola affirmed the natural hierarchy between different individuals of the same race, so he affirmed a natural rank ordering of the different human races.
As the best-preserved remnants of the primordial celestial Hyperboreans, Evola affirmed the white race in its different branches as the creator of the greatest planetary civilizations:
"We have to remember that behind the various caprices of modern historical theories, and as a more profound and primordial reality, there stands the unity of blood and spirit of the white races who created the greatest civilizations both of the East and West, the Iranian and Hindu as well as the ancient Greek and Roman and the Germanic" (The Doctrine of Awakening, p. 14).
While characterizing race as something hereditary and biological, Evola also claimed that race was not simply and linearly defined by mere skin color and the various other hereditary factors. In other words, in addition to predominantly "Aryan" or, more broadly, "Northern" biology, the initial necessary precondition for further racial differentiation, one must prove oneself spiritually "Aryan".
The fact that in India the term Arya was the synonym of dwija, "twice-born" or "regenerated" supports this point.
To him higher race implied something akin to supra-human, spiritual caste.
Evola wrote, "the supernatural element was the foundation of the idea of a traditional patriciate and of legitimate royalty."
Evola prided himself on developing a theory of races that went beyond the merely biological to the spiritual.
What constitutes a superior race for Evola is the spiritual orientation of a given stock, the subsumption of the requisite biological material (and that did mean the Aryan races) under a qualitatively elevating form, namely reference to the realm of the spirit.
Evola argues that it is out of the creativity of an 'ur-Aryan' and 'solar-Nordic' blood that world culture emerges.
Conversely, culture decline is a function of the feckless mixture of Aryan, with lesser 'animalistic,' blood.
According to 'Imperialismo pagano', the 'natural' and endogamous caste system of antiquity that sustained the 'purity' of the culture-creating 'Hyperborean-Nordics' slowly disintegrated over time under the corrosive influence of Semitic religion and the 'Semitic spirit'.
While Evola was clear about the relative insignificance of the physical attributes of race, he did acknowledge that the 'original Hyperboreans,' which he was critically concerned, were probably 'dolichocephalic, tall and slender, blond and blue-eyed' (Sintesi di Dottrina della Razza, p. 67).
Evola held that the physical mixture of races, particularly between Aryans and races that were 'alien' (i.e., non-Aryan), was always hazardous — but mixture between 'related' races might produce hybrid vigor. Given his generous notion of what constituted an Aryan race (Evola was convinced of the Hyperborean origins of most Europeans), those candidate races Evola considered to be truly 'alien' were never explicitly catalogued—except in terms of Semites and the deeply pigmented peoples of sub-Saharan Africa (see Evola, 'Psicologia criminale ebraica,' Difesa della Razza 2, no. 18, pp. 32–35; Sintesi di Dottrina della Razza, pp. 74, 237).
What seemed eminently clear, for all the qualifiers, was that all the material races Evola identified as capable of serving as hosts for the extrabiological and supernatural spiritual elements were purportedly biological descendents of the 'Aryan-Nordics' of Hyperborea.
In the golden age, the celestial race was spiritual—only gradually, over time, taking on material properties.
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2012
As a necessary consequence of miscegenation, there was a continual and irreversible decline of the celestials in ancient times (Evola identifies the Jews as providing a 'ferment of decomposition, dissolution and corruption' in antiquity; see Evola, Sintesi di Dottrina della Razzap. 160; Rivolta contro il mondo moderno, p. 314), a tenuous revival under the Romans, and another by the Nordic-Germans during the course of the Holy Roman Empire (see right) - but by the time of the Renaissance, with its humanism, rationalism, universalism and its gradual submission to the theses of the equality of all humans, humankind had entered the terminal age of 'obscurity,' the end of this current race cycle.
For Evola, given the fateful path traversed by history, there remained only one course for contemporary humanity: an attempt at reconstitution of the primordial celestial race, amid the debris of previous race cycles, employing the racial remnants of the Hyperboreans.
For Evola, spiritual forces shaped races for their own inscrutable purposes.
The notion that mutations, governed from 'on high,' might be the source of raciation was a relatively common conviction among German esoterics (See Pauwels and Bergier, The Morning of the Magicians, pp. 400–5).
Geneticists, Evola argued, failed to provide a compelling account of how mutations occur.
He maintained, as a consequence, that 'the cause is to be found elsewhere, in the actions of a superbiological element not reducible to the determinism of the physical transmission of genetic materials.' The true cause of hereditary variation was to be found 'rather by starting from another point of view that affords one an entirely different set of laws' than those of empirical science.
Given this supposition, Evola proceeded to argue that Fascism or National Socialism—with their heroism, their sacrificial and ascetic ethic, their authoritarian and hierarchical order, together with their appeal to myth and ritual—provided an environment compatible with the 'spirit' of the celestials.
That might be enough to prompt a cosmic, if gradual, reemergence of the celestial race.
In such circumstances, the formative spiritual principle that, in the ultimate analysis, governs the transcendent 'superhistory' of humankind might literally reconstitute the individuals of the primordial creative race of Hyperborea.
Evola sought to show that such an outcome would not be essentially determined by biology, but by the cosmic spirit—that its formative influence could transform individuals into persons accommodating a properly corresponding soul and spirit—to render them once again 'pure.'

Evola's writings have continued to have an influence both within occult intellectual circles and in European far-right politics.
He is widely translated in French, Spanish and German.

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2012
click below for a fully expanded text and photos

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2012

Raumflug and the Occult Third Reich

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017

'Du sieh'st zum Raum wird hier die Zeit.'
    
Parsifal                       Richard Wagner
RAUMFLUG AND THE OCCULT REICH

Dr. Hermann Oberth, who pioneered rocket design for the German Reich during World War II and later advanced rocket technology for the American manned space launches, cryptically stated,
We cannot take the credit for our record advancement in certain scientific fields alone; we have been helped.
When asked by whom, he replied:
The people of other worlds.


© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017

While the Third Reich made sure to eradicate the bewildering maze of occult orders, esoteric societies and Volkische movements the minute it came into power, it strangely left that other field with its many connections to the occult underground, that of science fiction, largely untouched.
Thus, when the might of the German war machine unleashed its Blitzkrieg (lightening war) on an ill prepared Europe - its new strategic formula and technological terror tactics were reminiscent of that early sub-genre in science fiction entitled the 'Future War Tale'.
While the sirens of the Stuka dive bombers, howling like the legendary Walkuren, transformed whole cities into hellish cauldrons of the alchemical Prima Materia, other minds in Germany kept on dreaming of soaring space ships and the conquest of space.
The history of early German space flight and rocket development is complex and riddled with unexpected esoteric influences.
Then there is the strong yearning to return to a mythical fatherland, that between the two world wars not always translated itself in earthly geographical coordinates.
One fitting example of this is found in a German film that was thought lost forever.
Only recently a copy of this film, entitled 'Wunder Der Schöpfung' (The Miracle Of Creation), has been found.


'Wunder Der Schöpfung' - 1927
'Wunder Der Schöpfung' was to be, in the words of one critic, UFA's greatest achievment.
UFA put itself more and more in the mind-frame necessary for its most ambitious project yet: Fritz Lang's 'Metropolis', that was relased in 1927, two years after 'Wunder Der Schöpfung'. Contrary to 'Metropolis' that obtained only a lukewarm reception, 'Wunder Der Schöpfung' was a tremendous hit.
It still is a remarkable film with for that time highly ingenious and elaborate special effects.


In the context of Germany's Kulturfilm phenomenon, 'Wunder der Schöpfung' was among the greatest achievements of the 1920s.
The production was constructed, rehearsed, and shot over a period of two and a half years, under the supervision of Hanns Walter Kornblum.
The idea to describe the universe and man's place in it well suited UFA's Grossfilm mentality, one year before 'Metropolis'.
Hundreds of skilled craftsmen participated in the project, building props and constructing scale models drawn by 15 special effects draughtsmen, while 9 cameramen in separate units worked on the historical, documentary, fiction, animation, and science-fiction sequences.
Without star roles or even protagonists, the film's plot is crowded with meticulously structured and skillfully acted single scenes an artful mosaic of small vignettes.
No less than four credited university professors ensured the factual background behind the scientific and historical events portrayed.
The film's symbol of progress and the new scientific era is a spacecraft, travelling through the Milky Way, making all the planets and their inspiring worlds familiar to us, with the extravaganza of their distinctive features.
There is also a general feeling amongst connoisseurs that certain scenes might have served as a template for Stanley Kubrick's 2001.
In the film a German scientific team travels through the universe in a spacecraft that serves as the symbol of progress and an age of new technologies, explaining all that is to be seen. 'Wunder Der Schöpfung' was not meant as lighthearted science fiction
Instead, the film that was meant as an educational device begun in 1923.
'Jetzt gehort und Deutschland, morgen das ganse Sonnensystem' (Now Germany belongs to us, tomorrow the whole solar system), as thetrilogy coyly states, is the apt slogan.
One could, perhaps, remark that, since Germany had lost most of its colonies, space formed the final formidable frontier.
One author who envisioned the path to solar conquest in the dream-tanks of the Third Reich was Walter Heichen (1876 - 1970).
His 'Jenseits der Stratosphäre. Erlebnisse zwischen Mond und Erde. Eine Erzählung für die Jugend' (On the Other Side of the Stratosphere. Experiences between the Moon and the Earth. A Story for the Youths) was published in 1931 and was reprinted in 1939 as 'Luftschiff im Weltenraum' (Airship in Space).
Heichen, who lived in Berlin, already had published propaganda lecture to kindle pattriotic interest during the outbreak of the First World War.
During the Third Reich his pattriotism adhered to the National Socialist cause.
In Heichen's book, the protagonists travel to the planet of Sigma, where they encounter highly developed humanoids.
Heichen died in Berlin in 1970.
In 1925, a chronically ill and impoverished engineer in Vienna devoted himself entirely to space travel.


'Das Problem der Befahrung des Weltraums -
der Raketen-motor'
Herman Potočnik (1892 - 1929), published in 1928 his only book, 'Das Problem der Befahrung des Weltraums - der Raketen-motor' (The Problem of Space Travel, the Rocket Motor) was published.
The Verein für Raumschiffahrt also published a magazine titled 'Die Rakete' (The Rocket), from 1927 till 1929,
Gernsback, born in 1884 as Gernsbacher, at ten years of age was an insatiable reader.
At that time he found a translation of Percival Lowell's 'Mars as the Abode of Life'.
He devoured the book and went into a delirious phase that lasted two days, during which he rambled almost non-stop about the Martians and their technology, a theme to which he would return in later years.
This experience would prove a pivotal point in the life of young Gernsbacher.


'Die Rakete'
In 1904, then still named Gernsbacher, he went to the United States and changed his name into Gernsback. There he would come to know inventors like Tesla, de Forrest, Fessenden and Grindell-Matthews.
Gernsback would also publish an impressive list of science fiction magazines and coin the very phrase 'science fiction'.
As such, a case is to be made for Germany as the birthplace of 20th century weird and science fiction magazine publishing.
Recent years have seen the emergence of information about a crashed UFO in the Black Forrest in 1936, which was spirited away by the SS.
There it was to be dismantled and dilligently studied by members of the Vril Society.


 'Algol' - 1920 - UFA
The possibility of alien technology that has fallen into the hands of a select group, was already the subject of a film in Germany in 1920.
Just two years after the defeat of Germany in the First World War, a little known silent film was released.
Entitled 'Algol', it tells the story of a superior extraterrestrial from the Dogstar, who donates incredible technology that enables a wealthy industrialist to enslave the world by this free energy device.
Lost for decades, copies of the film have surfaced in recent years.
The first image is of the alien being, poised far away in the eternal blackness of the universe. The second the industrialist poised over the weird extraterrestrial technology.
One wonders how a film like 'Algol' helped transform the ancient intelligences, the angelic beings and the demons of old, into alien entities from far away planets. All in the strange and feverish undercurrents of the German occult.

GERMAN 'FIELD PROPULSION' VEHICLES

Field propulsion is the concept of spacecraft propulsion where no propellant is necessary but instead momentum of the spacecraft is changed by an interaction of the spacecraft with external force fields.
The existence of World War Two German field propulsion flying saucers is a topic which is denied by most authorities on aviation history.

The problem is that in the years immediately following the Second World War the earth's skies suddenly began to be populated by flying craft which did some remarkable things.
They flew at unheard of speeds.
They made very sharp turns, seemingly non-aerodynamic turns, even at this extreme speed.
They lacked the glowing tail of jets or rockets, but they glowed or gave off light at night from their periphery, or from the whole craft.
They were silent or almost silent.
Sometimes they gave off sounds that an electric generator or motor might make.
Sometimes vehicles with electrically based ignition systems ceased to operate in the presence of these 'saucers', and by all accounts these 'saucers' were solid and material in nature. 
No government claimed these flying craft, yet they were seen all over the world.
The press and popular culture attributed these unusual craft to an extraterrestrial source, yet after over fifty years, no real proof for this assertion has ever come to light.

 Raumflug & Aliens

After a crashed spacecraft was discovered in the Black Forest (Schwarzwald), near Freiburg in 1936, the 'Geheimnisvolles Korps' - (Occult Corps) built the Institute for Science and Mysticism (Das Institut für Wissenschaft und Mystizismus), also known as "Walhalla" which was designated an 'X Lab, to examine the wreck.
In fact, as a result, the Institute’s "X-Labs" acquired so a great quantity of science and technology, far beyond mankind’s current knowledge base, that soon various X-Labs were constructed in several other locations throughout Germany, including Castle Erlangen, Castle Heidenheim, Castle Höllenhammer, Castle Naudabaum, Castle Nuremburg, Castle Wolfenstein.



© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
The crashed spacecraft was significant because the Vril Society, which had been incorporated into the 'Ahnenerbe', believed that Aryans were a creation of the 'Black Sun' - which is a form of Swastika, and had originated close to the Pliades, from a planet orbiting the star الدبران Aldaberan (which translates literally as "the follower" presumably because this bright star appears to follow the Pleiades, or "Seven Sisters" star cluster in the night sky).
The upshot of this belief was that the Aryans were originally aliens.
And this information came from Maria Orsitsch, in cooperation with the occultist Baron Rudolf von Sebottendorf, the Gurdjeff disciple Karl Haushofer, the engineer and ace pilot Lothar Waiz, Prelate Gernot of the secret "Societas Templi Marcioni" (The Inheritors of the Knights Templar).
Maria Orsitsch
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
Maria Orsitsch was born in Vienna.
Her father was a Croatian and her mother was a German from Vienna.
Maria Orsitsch was the head of the 'Alldeutsche Gesellschaft für Metaphysik' (The All German Society for Metaphysics), founded in the early 20th century, as a female circle of mediums who were involved in extraterrestrial telepathic contact.

The society was later renamed the ‘Gesellschaft für Vrilerinnen Frauen'.
In 1917 Maria Orsitsch is said to have made contact with extraterrestrials from Aldebaran with her female Vril circle.
In December 1919 a small circle of persons from the Thule Gesellschaft, the Vril Society and the DHvSS - 'Die Herren vom Schwarzen Stein' met in a specially rented forester’s lodge near Berchtesgaden, close to the home of Dietrich Eckart.
They were accompanied by the medium Maria Orsic, and another medium only known as 'Sigrun'.
Maria had mediumistically received transmission in a secret Templar (?) script – a language unknown to her – with the technical data for the construction of a flying machine (see right).
According to Vril documents these telepathic messages also came from the solar system Aldebaran, which is sixty-four light-years away in the constellation Taurus.


The Vril Society not only taught concentration exercises designed to awaken the forces of 'Vril', their main goal was to achieve Raumflug (Spaceflight) (see left), and the creation of a  'Jenseitsflugmaschine' (literally - Beyond Flying Machine or Space Craft) to reach Aldebaran.
To achieve this, the Vril Society, the Thule Gesellschaft and the DHvSS Die Herren des schwarzen Steins were incorporated into the SS Ahnenerbe as part of an ambitious program to develop an inter-dimensional flight machine based on psychic revelations from the Aldebaran aliens.


During this early phase of alternative science Dr. W. O. Schumann (see right) of the Technical University in Munich, both a Thule and a Vril member, made a speech, a section of which is reproduced here:
'In everything we recognize two principles that determine events: light and darkness, good and evil, creation and destruction - as in electricity we have positive and negative. It is always either/or.
These two principles - the creative and the destructive - also determine our technical means...
Everything destructive is of Satanic origin, everything creative is divine... Every technology based upon explosion or combustion has thus to be called Satanic. The coming new age will be an age of a new, positive, divine technology..
.'

At the same time the scientist Viktor Schauberger (see right) worked on a similar project.
Johannes Kepler (see left), whose ideas Schauberger followed, had knowledge of the secret teachings of Pythagoras that had been adopted and kept secret by the Knights Templar.
It was the knowledge of implosion (in this case the utilization of the potential of the inner worlds in the outer world).
Hitler knew - as did the Thule and Vril people - that the divine principle was always constructive.
A technology that is based on explosion, however, and is therefore destructive runs against the divine principle.
Thus they wanted to create a technology based on implosion.
Schauberger's theory of oscillation (principle of the overtone sequence, the monochord) takes up the knowledge of implosion.
To put it simply: implosion instead of explosion.
Following the energy paths of the monochord and implosion technology one reaches the realm of antimatter and thus the cancellation of gravity.

Saucer-shaped Flying Machines

In the summer of 1922 the first saucer-shaped Jenseitsflugmaschine (flying machine) (see left) was built whose drive was based on implosion.
It had a disk eight metres across with a second disk with a diameter of six and a half meters above and a third disk of seven meters diameter below.
These three disks had a hole at the center of 1.8 meters across in which the drive, which was two meters and forty centimeters high, was mounted.
At the bottom the central body was cone-shaped, and there a pendulum reaching the cellar was hung that served for stabilization.
In the activated state the top and bottom disk revolved in opposing directions to build up an electromagnetic rotating field.
The performance of this first flying disk is not known, but experiments were carried out with it for two years before it was dismantled and probably stored in the Augsburg works of Messerschmidt (see right).
In the books of several German industrial companies entries under the codename "JFM" (for Jenseitsflugmaschine) can be found that show payments towards financing this work.
Certainly the 'Vril Drive' (formally called "Schumann SM-Levitator") emerged from this machine.
In principle the "other side flying machine" should create an extremely strong field around itself, extending somewhat into its surroundings which would render the space thus enclosed, including the machine, a microcosm absolutely independent of the earthbound space.
At maximum strength this field would be independent of all surrounding universal forces - like gravitation, electromagnetism, radiation and matter of any kind - and could therefore manoeuvre within a gravitational or any other field at will, without acceleration forces being effective or perceptible.
In June 1934 Viktor Schauberger was invited by Hitler, and the highest representatives of the Thule and Vril societies, and from then on worked with them.
After the initial failure, the first so-called German UFO also appeared in June 1934.

Under the leadership of Dr. W. O. Schumann the first experimental round flying machine, the RFZ 1 (Rundflugzeug 1) (see left)was developed on the grounds of the aircraft factory Arado in Brandenburg.
In its first and only flight it rose vertically to around 60 metres, then wobbled and danced in the air for minutes.
The Arado 196 guiding system was utterly useless, and the pilot, Lothar Waiz, just managed to somehow bring it down to the ground, jump out and run away before it began to act like a spinning top, turned over and literally ripped to pieces.
That was the end of the RFZ 1, but the beginning of the VRIL flying machines.

Before the end of 1934 the RFZ 2 was ready, with a Vril Drive and a "magnetic field impulse steering unit".
It had a diameter of five meters and the following flying characteristics:
With rising speed the visible contours became blurred and the craft showed the colors typical for UFOs: depending on the drive setting; red, orange, yellow, green, white, blue or purple.
It worked - and it met with a remarkable destiny in 1941, during the "Battle of Britain", when it was used as transatlantic reconnaissance craft, because the German standard fighters, ME 109s, had an insufficient range for these flights.
By the end of 1941 it was photographed over the southern Atlantic on its way to the German cruiser Atlantis in Antarctic waters.
It could not be used as a fighter though, as the impulse steering allowed only changes of direction at 90gr, 45gr or 22.50 gr, which is exactly the right-angled flying pattern associated with and typical of UFOs today.

After the success of the small RFZ 2 as a distant reconnoiter craft the Vril Gesellschaft got its own test area in Brandenburg (see left).
By the end of 1942 the lightly armed 'Vril-1-Jäger" (Vril-1 fighter) (see right) was airborne.
It measured 11.5 meters across, carried one person, had a "Schumann-Levitator" drive and a "magnetic field impulse steering unit".
It reached speeds of 2,900 to 12,000 km/h, could change direction at a right angle at full speed without affecting the pilot, could fly in any weather, and had a 100% space capability.
Seventeen VRIL-1's were built and some versions had two seats and glass domes.

Also during this time another project was worked on - the V-7.
Several disks were built under this code, but with conventional jet engines.
Andreas Epp had designed a combination of levitating disk and jet propulsion, the RFZ 7.
The design groups Schriever-Habermohl and Miethe-Belluzo worked on it.
The RFZ 7 had a diameter of forty-two metres, but it crashed on landing at Spitzbergen.
A second craft was later photographed outside Prague.
According to Andreas Epp this craft was to be armed with nuclear warheads to attack New York.
In July 1941 Schriever-Habermohl built a round vertical take-off craft with jet propulsion, but it had severe shortcomings.
They went on to develop an "electro-gravitational flying gyro" with a "tachyon drive" which proved more successful.
Then Schriever, Habermohl and Belluzo built the RFZ 7 T that was fully functional.
The V-7 flying disks however were mere toys compared to the Vril and Haunebu disks.
Within the SS there was a group studying alternative energy, the SS-E-IV Entwicklungsgruppe IV der Schwarzen Sonne (Development Group IV of the Black Sun) whose main task was to render Germany independent of foreign oil.
The SS-E-IV developed from the existing Vril drives and the tachyon converter of Captain Hans Coler the "Thule Drive" which later was called the "Thule Tachyonator".



Haunebu Vehicles

In August 1939 the first RFZ 5 took off.
It was an armed flying gyro with the odd name Haunebu I.
It was twenty-five metres across and carried a crew of eight.
At first it reached a speed of 4,800 km/h, later up to 17,000 km/h.
It was equipped with two 6 cm KSK ("Kraftstrahlkanonen", power ray guns) in revolving towers and four machine guns. It had a 60% space capability.

By the end of 1942 the Haunebu II (see left) was ready.
The diameters varied from twenty-six to thirty-two meters and their height from nine to eleven meters.
They carried between nine and twenty people, had a 'Thule Tachyonator' drive and near the ground reached a speed of 6,000 km/h.
It could fly in space, and had a range of fifty-five flying hours.
At this time there already existed plans for a large-capacity craft, the Vril 7 with a diameter of 120 m.
A short while later the Haunebu III, the showpiece of all disks, was ready, at seventy-one meters across.
It was filmed flying, and t could transport thirty-two men could remain airborne for eight weeks and reached at least 7,000 km/h (according to documents in the secret SS archives up to 40,000 km/h).

The Foo Fighters

Although it set the stage for the drama of modern ufology, Kenneth Arnold's 1947 sighting of nine anomalous objects flitting between the peaks of the Cascade Mountains was not the first twentieth-century UFO encounter.
In the closing stages of the Second World War, Allied pilots on night-time bombing raids over Europe frequently reported strange flying objects.
These objects were christened 'Foo Fighters', after a catchphrase in the popular 'Smokey Stover' comic strip. 'Where there's foo, there's fire.' ('Foo' was also a play on the French word 'feu', meaning fire.)
The aircrews suspected that the objects might be some kind of German secret weapon. On 2 January 1945, the New York Herald Tribune carried the following brief Associated Press release: 
'Now, it seems, the Nazis have thrown something new into the night skies over Germany. It is the weird, mysterious Foo fighter' balls which race alongside the wings of Beaufighters flying intruder missions over Germany. Pilots have been encountering this eerie weapon for more than a month in their night flights. No one apparently knows what this sky weapon is. The 'balls of fire' appear suddenly and accompany the planes for miles. They seem to be radio-controlled from the ground, so official intelligence reports reveal.'
In their book Man-Made UFOs (1994), Renato Vesco (a pioneer of the Nazi-UFO hypothesis) and David Hatcher Childress cite the testimony of a former American flying officer who had worked for the intelligence section of the Eighth Air Force towards the end of the war.
Wishing to remain anonymous, the officer said to the New York press: 
'It is quite possible that the flying saucers are the latest development of a "psychological" anti-aircraft weapon that the Germans had already used. During night missions over western Germany I happened to see on several occasions shining discs or balls that followed our formations. It was well known that the German night fighters had powerful headlights in their noses or propeller hubs - lights that would suddenly catch the target, partly in order to give the German pilots better aim but mostly in order to blind the enemy tail gunners in their turrets. They caused frequent alarms and continual nervous tension among the crews, thereby lowering their efficiency. During the last year of the war the Germans also sent up a number of radio-controlled bright objects to interfere with the ignition systems of our engines or the operation of the on-board radar. In all probability American scientists picked up this invention and are now perfecting it so that it will be on a par with the new offensive and defensive air weapons.'
Unfortunately, Vesco and Childress are not forthcoming with a detailed reference for this statement.
The British UFO investigators Peter Hough and Jenny Randles make the interesting point that the Second World War saw more people in the skies than any other prior period, and that it was therefore no great surprise that UFOs should have been spotted in abundance.
Of course, this statement carries the implication of a likely non-human origin of the objects, which advocates of the German-UFO hypothesis hotly dispute: for them, the large number of 'Foo Fighter' sightings, coupled with the obvious interest the objects showed in Allied aircraft, strongly implies that they were built specifically to interact in some way with those aircraft.
As is so often the case with the UFO mystery, genuine sightings generated various rumors of official interest in the phenomenon.
For instance, there was, allegedly, a secret British government investigation into the 'Foo Fighter' reports called the 'Massey Project'.
'However,' write Hough and Randles, 'Air Chief Marshal Sir Victor Goddard - who was an outspoken believer in alien craft during the 1950s - flatly denied this and said that Treasury approval for such a minor exercise at a time when Britain was fighting for its survival would have been ludicrous.'
Some encounters undoubtedly had mundane explanations.
For example, during a bombing raid on a factory at Schweinfurt, Germany on 14 October 1943, flight crews of the American 384th Squadron observed a large cluster of discs, which were silver in colour, one inch thick and about three inches in diameter.
They were floating gently down through the air directly in the path of the American aircraft, and one pilot feared that his B- 17 Flying Fortress would be destroyed on contact with the objects.
However, the bomber cut through the cluster of discs and continued on its way undamaged.
It is quite possible that encounters such as this were actually with 'chaff', pieces of metal foil released by German 'Aphrodite' balloons to confuse radar by returning false images.
Nevertheless, many aircrews reported events that were not so easy to explain, including the harassment of their aircraft by small, glowing, disc-shaped and spherical objects that were highly maneuverable.
On 23 November 1944, Lieutenant Edward Schlueter of the 415th US Night Fighter Squadron was flying a heavy night fighter from his base at Dijon towards Mainz.
Twenty miles from Strasbourg, Lieutenant Fred Ringwald, an Air Force intelligence officer who was on the mission as an observer, glanced out of the cockpit and noticed about ten glowing red balls flying very fast in formation.
Schlueter suggested that they might be stars, but this explanation was proved wrong when the objects approached the plane.
Schlueter radioed the American ground radar station, informing them that they were being chased by German night fighters, to which the station replied that nothing was showing on their scope.
Schlueter's radar observer, Lieutenant Donald J. Meiers, checked his own scope, but could detect nothing unusual.
Schlueter then decided to make for the objects at full throttle.
The response from the Foo Fighters was instantaneous: their fiery red glow rapidly dimmed, until they were lost to sight.
Less than two minutes later, however, they reappeared, although they seemed to have lost interest in the American aircraft and glided off into the night towards Germany.
Upon the objects' departure, the fighter's radar began to malfunction, forcing the crew to abandon their mission.
In an encounter of 27 November 1944 over Speyer, pilots Henry Giblin and Walter Cleary reported a large orange light flying at 250 mph about 1,500 feet above their fighter.
The radar station in the sector replied that there was nothing else there.
Nevertheless, a subsequent malfunction in the plane's radar system forced it to return to base.
An official report was made - the first of its kind - which resulted in many jokes at the pilots' expense.
After the 27 November encounter, pilots who saw the 'Foo Fighters' decided not to include them in their flight reports.
This self-imposed censorship was broken by two pilots named McFalls and Baker of the 415th, who submitted a flight report on their mission of 22 December 1944.
In part, the report reads:
'At 0600, near Hagenau, at 10,000 feet altitude, two very bright lights climbed toward us from the ground. They leveled off and stayed on the tail of our plane. They were huge bright orange lights. They stayed there for two minutes. On my tail all the time. They were under perfect control. Then they turned away from us, and the fire seemed to go out.'
The Foo Fighters were not only witnessed by air crews.
Hough and Randles cite a report from a former prisoner of war at the Heydebreck camp in Upper Silesia, Poland.
At 3 p.m. on 22 January 1945 a number of men were being paraded by the Germans before being marched away to evade the liberating Russian Army.
A bomber appeared overhead, flying at about 18,000 feet, and the men gazed in horror at what seemed to be fire pouring from its rear end.
Then they thought it might be a flare caught up in the slipstream of the aircraft.
Finally, they realised it was neither of these things: the object was a silvery ball hugging the bomber, which was desperately trying to evade it.
The 'foo fighter' was still right on the tail of the aircraft as both passed into the distance.
On 1 January 1945, Howard W. Blakeslee, science editor of the Associated Press, claimed that the mysterious 'Foo Fighters' were nothing more than St Elmo's Fire, spontaneous lights produced by an electrostatic discharge on the fuselages of the Allied aircraft.
According to Blakeslee, this explanation also accounted for the fact that the Foo Fighters did not show up on radar.
The pilots who actually encountered the objects were unimpressed with Blakeslee's solution: most of them had been flying for a number of years, and knew St Elmo's Fire when they saw it.
The 'Foo Fighters' were something entirely different: the light they produced went on and off at intervals that seemed to be related to their speed; their shape was often clearly discernible as either discoid or spherical; and they were frequently reported as spinning rapidly on their vertical axis.
No Allied aircraft were ever brought down by 'Foo Fighters' (which seemed more content to pace them and interfere with their radar), and so it was considered likely that the objects were dangerous German secret weapons, perhaps a radical development of V-weapon technology.
The V-ls were already causing carnage in London, and it was known that German scientists were desperately trying to develop a ballistic missile that could hit America.
According to Vesco and Childress, several 'Foo Fighter' stories were leaked in December 1944 to the American Legion Magazine, which then published the personal opinions of several US Intelligence officers that the Foo Fighters were radio-controlled radar-jamming devices sent up by the Germans.
Vesco and Childress go on to cite the testimony of another (unnamed) B-17 pilot who decided to intercept a Foo Fighter and succeeded in getting within a few hundred yards of the shining sphere.
He reported hearing 'a strange sound, like the "backwash of invisible planes"'.
The last reported encounter with 'Foo Fighters' occurred in early May 1945, near the eastern edge of the Pfalzerwald.
A pilot, once again from the 415th Squadron, saw five orange balls of light flying in a 'V formation in the distance.

The 'Fliegende Schildkröte' ('Flying Turtle') was developed by the SS-E-IV at Vienna-Neustadt.
Its outer shape recalled the shell of a turtle.
They were unmanned probes that could cause disruption in the electric ignition systems of the enemy.
They carried advanced "Klystronröhren" (clystron tubes) that the SS called death rays.

(A klystron is a specialized linear-beam vacuum tube (evacuated electron tube).

Klystrons are used as amplifiers at microwave and radio frequencies to produce both low-power reference signals for superheterodyne radar receivers, and to produce high-power carrier waves for communications and the driving force for modern particle accelerators.
The ignition disrupter did not work perfectly at the outset; later follow-up versions did, however, and the ufologists will confirm that disruption of ignition - the cutting of electrical power to equipment - is a typical sign when a UFO is near. 
Wendelle C. Stevens, U.S. Air Force pilot during the Second World War, describes the 'foo fighters' as sometimes grey-green, or red-orange; they approached his aircraft to within about five meters, and then stayed there.
They could not be shaken off nor shot down, and they often caused squadrons to turn back or land.
The 'Soap Bubbles' that were also called 'foo fighters' were something completely different.
They were simple balloons in which projected metal spirals that disturbed enemy radar. Their success was probably very limited, disregarding the psychological effect.

The Andromeda Device

At the beginning of 1943 a cigar-shaped mother ship was planned to be build in the Zeppelin works (see right).
The 'Andromeda Device', at a length of 139m, could transport several saucer-shaped craft in its body for flights of long duration (interstellar flights).



© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017


By Christmas 1943 an important meeting of the Vril Gesellschaft (see left) took place at the seaside resort of Kolberg.
The two mediums Maria Ortic (see right) and Sigrun attended.
The main item on the agenda was the 'Aldebaran Project'.
The mediums had received precise information about the habitable planets around the sun Aldebaran and one began to plan a trip there.



On January 22, 1944 a meeting between Hitler (see left); Himmler (see right), Kunkel (of the Vril Society) and Dr. Schumann this project was discussed.
It was planned to send the Vril 7 large-capacity craft through a dimension channel independent of the speed of light to Aldebaran.
According to Ratthofer a first test flight in the dimension channel took place in the winter of 1944.
It barely avoided disaster, for photographs show the Vril 7 after the flight looking "as if it had been flying for a hundred years".
The outer skin looked ‘aged’, and was damaged in several places.
On February 14, 1944, a supersonic helicopter - constructed by Schriever and Habermohl under the V 7 project - that was equipped with twelve turbo-units BMW 028 was flown by the test pilot Joachim Röhlike at Peenemünde.
The vertical rate of ascent was 800 metres per minute, it reached a height of 24,200 metres and in horizontal flight a speed of 2,200 km/h.
It could also be driven with unconventional energy, but the helicopter never saw action since Peenemünde was bombed in 1944, and the subsequent move to Prague didn't work out either, because the Americans and the Russians occupied Prague before the flying machines were ready again.

In the secret archives of the SS, the British and the Americans discovered photographs of the Haunebu II and the Vril I crafts, as well as shots of the Andromeda device during the occupation of Germany at the beginning of 1945.
Due to President Truman's decision in March 1946, the war fleet command of the U.S. gave permission to collect material regarding the German high technology experiments.
Under Operation 'PAPERCLIP' German scientists who had worked in secret were brought to the U.S. privately, among them Victor Schauberger and Werhner Von Braun (see right).

A short summary of the developments that were meant to be produced in series:

The first project was led by Prof. Dr. mg. W. O. Schumann of the Technical University Munich.
Under his guidance seventeen disk-shaped flying machines with a diameter of 11.5 m were built, the so-called VRIL-1-Jäger (Vril-1 fighters), that made 84 test flights.
At least one VRIL-7 and one VRIL-7 large capacity craft apparently started from Brandenburg - after the whole test area had been blown up - towards Aldebaran with some of the Vril scientists and Vril lodge members.
The second project was run by the SS-W development group.
Until the beginning of 1945 they had three different sizes of bell-shaped space gyros built.
The Haunebu I, 25m diameter: two machines were built that made 52 test flights (speed ca. 4,800 km/h).
The Haunebu II, 32m diameter: seven machines built that made 106 test flights (speed ca. 6,000 km/h). The Haunebu II was already planned for series production.
Tenders were requested from the Dornier and Junkers aircraft manufacturers, and at the end of March 1945 the decision was made in favour of Dornier.
The official name for the heavy craft was to be DO-STRA (DOrnier STRAtospehric craft).

The Haunebu III (see left), 71m diameter: only one machine built that made at least 19 test flights (speed ca. 7,000 km/h).
The Andromeda Device existed on the drawing board; it was 139m long and had hangars for one Haunebu II, two Vril I's and two Vril II's.
There are documents showing that the VRIL 7 large capacity craft has started for secret earth-bound missions after it was finished and test flown by the end of 1944:

1. A landing at the Mondsee in the Salzkammergut in Austria, with dives to test the pressure resistance of the hull.

2. Probably in March and April 1945 the VRIL 7 was stationed in the "Alpenfestung" for security and strategic reasons, from whence it flew to Spain to get important personalities who had fled there to South America and "Neuschwabenland" [the NAZI-claimed Antarctic territory] safely, and to the secret German bases erected there during the war.

3. Immediately after this the VRIL 7 is said to have started on a secret flight to Japan about which nothing further is known however.

What happened to these flying machines after the war?
It cannot be excluded that a small series of the Haunebu II might have been built.
The several photographs of UFOs that emerged after 1945, with the typical features of these German constructions suggest as much.
Some say that some of them had been sunk into the Austrian Mondsee, others maintain that they were flown to South America, or taken there in parts.
It is certain, however, that if the craft didn't get to South America, the plans that allowed for new ones to be built and flown were sent there, for an important part had been used in 1983 in the "Phoenix Project", the follow-on project of the 1943 "Philadelphia Experiment".
This was a teleportation, materialization and time travel experiment of the U.S. Navy.
In 1938 a German expedition to the Antarctic was made with the aircraft carrier 'Schwabenland' (Swabia).
600,000 km2 of ice-free areas with lakes and mountains were declared German territory, the "Neuschwabenland" (New Swabia).
Whole fleets of submarines of the 21 and 23 series later headed towards Neuschwabenland.
Today about one hundred German submarines are still unaccounted for, some equipped with the Walter Schnorkel, a device that allowed them to stay submerged for several weeks, and it can be assumed that they fled to Neuschwabenland with the dismantled flying disks or at least the construction plans.
Again it must be assumed that since the test flights had been very successful, some so-called flying saucers had flown there directly at the end of the war.

 Admiral E. Byrd
There is the question why, in 1947, Admiral E. Byrd (see right) led an invasion of the Antarctic, and why he had 4,000 soldiers, a warships, a fully equipped aircraft carrier and a functioning supply system at his command if it was merely an exploratory expedition.
He had been given eight months for the exercise, but had to stop after eight weeks with high losses of planes.
Norbert-Jürgen Ratthofer writes about the whereabouts of the Haunebu developments in his book "Zeitmaschinen" (Time Machines):
'The Haunebu I, II and III space gyros and the VRIL I space flying disk had disappeared after May 1945... It is very interesting to note in this context that after its nineteenth test flight, the German Haunebu III is said to have taken off on April 21, 1945, from Neuschwabenland, a vast, officially German territory in the Eastern Antarctic, for an expedition to Mars, about which there is nothing further known...'
One year later, in 1946, the many sightings that suddenly occurred, in Scandinavia, of shining objects of unknown and definitely artificial origin which caused a great stir among the Allies in East and West.
Again one year later, in 1947, and well into the Fifties, a rising number of shining unknown flying objects, doubtlessly steered by intelligent beings - mostly round, disk- or bell-shaped, sometimes cigar-shaped - so-called UFOs, appeared over North America.
It is further stated that colour photographs taken by a night guard in West Germany in the Seventies exist of a landed and restarted flying disk that had both a knight's cross and a swastika on its hull.

Good photographic material proves that the Haunebu II version especially had been sighted very often since 1945.
In addition a significantly high percentage of the cases where personal contacts with the people from the so-called UFOs was made, these were with 'Aryan' types - blond and blue-eyed - and that they either spoke fluent German or another language with a German accent.
Photos of the Haunebu craft strongly resemble the Adamski saucer pictures of the early 1950s (see left).
These saucers were seen, and pictures of them taken world-wide.
There were many different sources for both sighting of Adamski saucers and pictures of them.
There were so many in the early 1950s that it is hard to believe that all of them are fakes.
Mr. Ettl and Mr. Juergen- Ratthofer maintain that these "Adamski saucers" are really the German-designed Haunebu type saucers.
Since they were flown after the war, certain questions as to their origin arise.




Skeptics always say that if the Nazi saucers existed, and they were such a secret and effective weapon, why weren’t they used to insure the victory of the third Reich ?
The simple truth lies in the fact that these machines, despite their superior overall performance to conventional piston-engine aircraft and early jets, could not be realistically adapted to any useful military role other than the most basic transport and recon work.
The ships did fly, and there is plenty of evidence to support that the technology and science was not limited to just disc work.
There were other modifications being done to the Vril saucers.
There is also evidence to support that test flights were done over Europe and the United States.
Antigravity saucers remained in the research and development stage for some time.
The war was a fast-moving event, and the scientists had a hard time keeping up with it. However, they did have pilotless remote saucers that kept the Allies busy ('foo-fighters' - see above).
In 1942 a little–known invasion of a large flying saucer and several smaller ones was reported over Los Angeles.
In what is known as the 'Battle of Los Angeles', 1,430 rounds were fired at the flying discs.
And as many as 25 smaller aircraft accompanied it.
There were many people on the ground that were killed or wounded by unexploded anti–aircraft shells.
There actually was picture of the saucer that wound up in the Los Angeles 'Times'.
It showed the aircraft being fired upon, and searchlights were zeroing in on the intruders.
At that time it was speculated that the German technology was perfected enough to attempt space travel.
While there is no proof of this, it is quite possible that the Germans were capable of landing on the moon using their saucer technology......
In the light of such facts it has been suggested that the Germans may have landed or attempted to land on the Moon as early as probably 1942, utilizing their larger exo-atmospheric rocket saucers of the 'Miethe' and 'Schriever' type.
The 'Miethe' craft was built in diameters of 15 and 50 meters, and the 'Schriever' Walter turbine powered craft was designed as an interplanetary exploration vehicle.
It had a diameter of 60 meters, had 10 stories of crew compartments, and stood 45 meters high.
And yet, the riddle remains that the surviving modern remnants of the Third Reich actually possess such vastly superior technology,
Why then would they not simply flex their muscle and conquer the world in one final swift stroke ?
Or did they realize such a victory might ultimately be a futile gesture ?
Suppose the Reich survivors learned from their Aldebaran mentors the secret the ancient Sumerians possessed - that, in a regular 3600 year cycle, the surface of planet Earth is devastated by the passing of a dwarf-star which is companion to our solar system.
And that this 'Dark Star' was calculated once again to swing through the inner planets during the early years of the 21st Century.
Such a monumental event would grant the “Thousand Year Reich” a meager seventy year or so life span.
Thus might the Reich survivors not wisely choose to disappear from the surface world and develop hardened underground ’shelters’ in the remote wastes of Antarctica, patiently preparing to safely ride out the Dark Star’s passing ?
Do we dare suppose that a contemporary generation of subterranean 'Reichskinder' secretly continue to advance their limitless scientific wonders, content to allow the ignorant, expendable ’surface dwellers’ to choke in the poisoned atmosphere of their internal-combustion, junk-technology, automobiles, airplanes and industries ?
Could it be that all the incredible levitating machines and free-energy technologies envisioned by the Thule and Vril Societies are being carefully held in reserve for the promised ‘New Age’ - the 'New World Order'; a future time when Earth has recovered from the agonies of its Dark Star’s encounter…?


________________________________________


German Eye Witnesses Report


This report first appeared in the 1998 Geheimtechnologien.Wunderwaffen Und Irdischen Facetten Des UFO-Phaenomens by Karl-Heinz Zunneck (3).
The subject of this interview was a German pilot who flew many missions in a JU-52, taking off and touching down in rough, presumably outlying airfields.
The Junkers JU-52 was an aircraft used by the Luftwaffe for many roles and could be described as a mainstay or a workhorse.
The sighting in question was reported by Horst Schuppmann whose friend knew the pilot of the JU-52 in question.
The date was July, 1944.
Accompanying the pilot on this three and one-half hour flight was a co-pilot, a mechanic,and the radio man.
The airplane took off from Brest-Deblin and flew on a westerly course to Lublin.
The flight was unfolding smoothly which was somewhat abnormal for the particular time and stage of the war.
Over Stettin Lagoon preparations were made to land.
A large white cross was sighted which was the marker for their goal, a meadow landing strip.
The aircraft descended, landed normally and rolled toward a group of bushes which would hide the aircraft from view.
Then things took a decided turn to the abnormal.
Harsh orders were received that the pilot, co-pilot and mechanic were not to exit the airplane. Suddenly, the radio man had vanished.
The others waited an hour in vain for his return.
Finally, the pilot decided to get out of the airplane and find his missing crewman,without orders, and on his own.
On the airfield itself nobody was to be seen.
There was only one building visible which was a lonely hanger.
The pilot, ever concerned with maintaining cover, headed straight for this hanger.
Upon arrival he opened an narrow, high sliding door and entered, hoping to receive some information.
No person was to be seen but what the pilot did see bewildered him so that the image was deeply ingrained in his mind.
There in the hanger stood three very large, round, dark dish shaped metal constructions on telescope-like leg stands.
The objects were about 6 meters off the ground and the objects themselves were 12 to 15 meters in diameter.
The pilot compared the shape of the objects to a giant soup dish or soup plate.
Suddenly, out of the half darkness a military guard emerged.
The guard let the pilot know that he was in an area which was strictly off limits.
This day had started as a routine flight connecting two outlying airfields. This pilot had no expectations of seeing something so unusual that he barley had context in which to place it. 
Of course the question of what those objects in the hanger really were comes back to this pilot even after almost 55 years.
The pilot personally attributes it to the so called "Magnetscheibe", literally, "magnet-disk". According to the pilot rumors of these objects circulated in pilot circles since the summer of 1944.
Two things can definitely be said of this sighting.
First, it can be said is that this sighting seems to be of the smaller type of German field propulsion saucer as opposed to a larger version
Second, these saucers can definitely be ascribed to belonging to and in the possession of German military forces during the Second World War.
At no time in this report has the word "alien" or"extraterrestrial" ever been mentioned or even considered.
Beyond that it can be said that the pilot personally believed these to be of the "Magnetscheibe" type, that is to say not powered by chemical combustion.
There reasons to believe this is correct.
These saucers were found on a remote and rather primitive airfield.
They were in the only building present. This means that they did not need an extensive support system.
The chemically powered jet or rocket engines needed an extensive field support structure. They needed to be refueled after every flight.
The two liquid fuels used by the Me-163 rocket-fighter, for instance, ignited immediately when they came into contact with each other with explosive intensity.
The fuel tanks had to be washed out after each flight and separate ground crews were responsible for each type of liquid fuel.
It is noteworthy that no such support ground support structure or personnel was in evidence on this occasion.
All that was observed was a large structure filled with saucers and a guard.
The ground support necessary for launch of these craft must have been minimal and argues for the field propulsion hypothesis.





F.B.I. Reports On A German Field Propulsion Saucer F.B.I.

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
The time of the sighting was in 1944, the place was Gut Alt Golssen, approximately 30 miles east of Berlin.
The informant states that while he was a prisoner of war working for the Germans, a flying object arose nearby from behind an enclosure hidden from view by a 50 foot high tarpaulin-type wall.
It rose about 500 feet then moved away horizontally.
The only noise the object made was a high-pitched whine.
The object was described as being 75 to 100 feet in diameter and 14feet high.
It was composed of a dark gray stationary top and bottom sections five to six feet high with a rapidly moving center section producing only a blur and extending the circumference of the vehicle. Notably, the engine of their farm tractor stalled during this event and the SS guards told the driver not to attempt a restart until the whine could no longer be heard.

The F.B.I. operates within the USA and usually does not concern itself with foreign matters unless they have meaning for the internal security of the United States. Could the reason that this report was taken and retained for so many years be that it did, in fact, have meaning for the internal security of the United States? Did it have something to do with the flying saucers seen over Texas at the time which also stopped motor vehicles?

For whatever reason, something in these reports resonated with the F.B.I. The report was taken seriously, investigated and kept. This fact alone speaks volumes for the existence of UFOs in general and German saucers in particular.

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© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017

'Du sieh'st zum Raum wird hier die Zeit.'
    
Parsifal                       Richard Wagner

PROJECT  KRONOS  AND  DIE   GLOCKE

Associated with the projects related to Raumflug was the Kronos Project and 'Die Glocke'.
The project had gone under two code names: "Laternenträger" (lantern carrier) and "Chronos", and always involved "Die Glocke".
'Laternentraeger' means Lantern Bearer...Phosphorous from Greek mythology, is known as the “lantern bearer” and in Roman mythology the lantern bearer was known as Satan.
Kronos is the Greek god of Time - which gives rise to the speculation that the project and die Glocke was designed to test the possibilities of distorting space and time - and it has been suggested that a concave mirror on top of the device provided the ability to see "images from the past" during its operation.
Die Glocke represented the very pinnacle of SS General’s Hans Kammler's occult and super-secret SS "wonder weapons" empire.
The Bell was reportedly an object, approximately 9 ft. in diameter and 12-15 ft. tall.
The device was made out of a hard, heavy metal (depleted uranium?) and filled with a mercury like substance, violet in color.
It looked like a "Bell", hence its codename to the Germans, die Glocke.
The device was installed deep down in the earth in Wenceslas Mine.
It was comprised of two counter-rotating cylinders, rotating a purplish liquid-metallic looking substance code-named "Xerum 525" by the Germans, at high speeds;
"Xerum 525" was apparently highly radioactive, being purple in color, and housed in cylinders with lead lining 3 cm (12 in.) thick;
Other substances known to have been involved in the testing were thorium and beryllium peroxides code named "Leichtmetall".
The Bell apparently required high amounts of electrical power in its operation, and a local dam was used to generate electrical power to power up the Lanternholder [Laternenträger].
The test chamber was 30 meters square and lined with ceramic tiles.
The floors and walls were covered with heavy black rubber mats.
The test room and all electrical equipment but the Bell were disposed of after every few tests. Apparently, they became contaminated in some fashion and were disposed of in a furnace.
The housing of this device in an underground chamber lined with ceramic brick and rubber mats suggests that it gave off extremely strong electro-magnetic or electro-static field effects as well as high heat when in operation.
The reporting of metallic tastes in the mouths of what few surviving personnel there are suggests this.
The quick decay without apparent putrefaction of organic material within its field suggests effects that some would associate with scalar waves.
But what was the mysterious "Xerum 525"?

When first investigating this strange material, the first thought is that it might be some radioactive isotope of mercury, or possibly a more radioactive substance in chemical solution of some sort.
It is perhaps worth noting that recently a strange substance known as "red mercury", or mercury antominate oxide, has been alleged to have strong neutron emitting properties when subjected to sudden explosive stress, and is alleged to be a non-fissile method of triggering the enormous fusion reactions of hydrogen bombs, as well as being able, in its own right, of fission explosions in the small kiloton range.
Perhaps the Nazis had stumbled onto a similar such substance during the war.
The tests themselves were quite short.
When the Bell was energized, it was wrapped in a ceramic cover and involved the rapid spinning of two cylinders in opposite directions.
The rotation of the object, and presumably the radioactive liquid-metal, "Xerum 525", suggests that the Germans were investigating the inertial and vortex properties of radioactive material when subjected to high speed rotation, as well as the resulting field effects.
It is likely that this rotation was caused by passing a current through the liquid - hence the high power consumption - but the possibility of mechanical rotation should not be ruled out in addition to this, as German progress in jet engine turbines and uranium centrifuges would have given them the experience to construct very high speed turbines for rotating such material for study.
In this sense, it is possible that the Bell was nothing more than two counter-rotating ultra-high speed turbines.
That is to say, the Bell may have been an ultra high speed electro- mechanical turbine of some sort, an offshoot, perhaps, of German centrifuge technology development.
The rotation of the object, and presumably the radioactive liquid-metal called "Xerum 525", suggests that the Germans were investigating the inertial and vortex properties of radioactive material when subjected to high speed rotation, as well as the resulting field effects.
It is likely that this rotation was caused by passing a current through the liquid - hence the high power consumption - but the possibility of mechanical rotation should not be ruled out in addition to this, as German progress in jet engine turbines and uranium centrifuges would have given them the experience to construct very high speed turbines for rotating such material for study.
In this sense, it is possible that the Bell was nothing more than two counter-rotating ultra-high speed turbines.
That is to say, the Bell may have been an ultra high speed electro- mechanical turbine of some sort, an offshoot, perhaps, of German centrifuge technology development.
The housing of this device in an underground chamber lined with ceramic brick and rubber mats suggests that it gave off extremely strong electro-magnetic or electro-static field effects as well as high heat when in operation.
The reporting of metallic tastes in the mouths of what few surviving personnel there are suggests this.
The quick decay without apparent putrefaction of organic material within its field suggests effects that some would associate with scalar waves.
A minute would pass and the Bell would give off a strange blue glow.
Test personnel were kept 150 to 200 meters away shielded by tons of rock.
After each test the room would be entered by workers who would spray the room with some type of brine for 45 minutes.
The scientists placed animals, plants and insects nearby the Bell during testing.
A strange crystalline substance invaded animal tissue, destroying life.
Plants thus exposed lost all their chlorophyll, turning deathly white in several hours.
Refinements of the equipment was made and it's lethality diminished.
Despite protective clothing, five of the seven scientists involved later died from ailments involving sleep problems, metallic taste in the mouth, nerve spasms and loss of memory and balance.
According to the theories of some physicists, a torsion field of sufficient intensity can bend space around the generator.

The more torsion you generate, the more space you alter.
When you bend space, you also bend time.
General Hans Kammler
A strange "henge" like structure (see left) was constructed by the Germans out of reinforced concrete near the facility where the Bell was located and tested.
This structure resembled a test rig for the possible test of extremely powerful propulsion devices, and may have served as test rig for an experiment in "anti-gravity propulsion" generated with Die Glocke.
All the scientists and witnesses who saw or worked on the Bell were murdered by the SS as the war neared its end.
The Bell was transplanted out of Silesia to a destination that has never been discovered.
The Bell, along with General Kammler  himself (see right), simply disappeared entirely from history, never to be seen again.

Hans Kammler

If the Germans did succeed in producing a piloted flying discs, what became of them ?
As several researchers have noted, the answer may lie with SS Obergruppenfuhrer Dr Hans Kammler, who towards the end of the war had access to all areas of secret air-armaments projects.
Kammler worked on the V-2 rocket project, along with Wernher von Braun (who would later head NASA's Apollo Moon programme) and Luftwaffe Major General Walter Dornberger (who would later become vice-president of the Bell Aircraft Company in the United States).
Heinrich Himmler planned to separate the SS from Nazi Party and state control through the establishment of a number of business and industrial fronts, making it independent of the state budget.
Hitler approved this proposal early in 1944.
By the end of the war, Hans Kammler had decided to use V-2 rocket technology and scientists as bargaining chips with the Allies.
On 2 April 1945, 500 technicians and engineers were placed on a train along with 100 SS troops and sent to a secret Alpine location in Bavaria.
Two days later, von Braun requested permission from Kammler to resume rocket research, to which Kammler replied that he was about to disappear for an indefinite length of time.
This was the last anyone saw of Hans Kammler.
In view of the undoubted advantage he held when it came to negotiating for his life with the Allies, Kammler's disappearance is something of a puzzle, until we pause to consider the possibility that he possessed plans for a technology even more advanced than the V-2.
Did the Reich, or an extension of it, have the capability to produce a UFO or the clout to deal from a position of strength with one of the Allied nations ?
Although it is assumed that Kammler committed suicide when about to be apprehended by the Czech resistancein Prague, there is no proof of this. What really happened to Kammler ?





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