The Genesis of the Übermensch

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017

'The real destiny of Man is something that ordinary men could not conceive and would be unable to comprehend, even if given a glimpse of it.
Our revolution is a final stage in an evolution that will end by abolishing history.
It is my ultimate aim to perform an act of creation, a divine operation, the goal of a biological mutation which will result in an unprecedented exaltation of the human race and the appearance of a new race of heroes, demi-gods and god-men.
My party comrades have no conception of the dreams that haunt my mind, or of the grandiose edifice of which the foundations, at least, will have been laid before I die. 
The world has reached a turning point, and will undergo an upheaval which the uninitiated cannot understand.'
Adolf Hitler

The 'act of creation', of which Hitler spoke, would not come to pass if it was left to idle, Völkisch dreamers, followers of Lebensreform, or contemporary 'green new agers'.
Hitler knew that only concrete action, in the real world, would allow him to achieve this 'unprecedented exaltation of the human race'.
Perhaps Hitler's most perceptive and significant, yet little known statement was that the purpose of human evolution was 'to achieve a mystic vision of the Universe'.
And Hitler knew that this vision - this union with the ultimate - could only be achieved by the race of 'demi-gods and god-men' - and it was this that motivated all the concern about the purity of the Aryan race that formed the essential core of Völkisch philosophy - because only the Aryan 'god-man' could achieve the 'ultimate purpose of creation'.

'I teach you the übermensch.
Man is something that shall be overcome.
What have you done to overcome him ?'

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
The concept of the Übermensch (Overman, Overhuman, Above-Human, Superman, Super-human) is a concept first found in the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche.
The German prefix über can have connotations of superiority, transcendence, excessiveness, or intensity, depending on the words to which it is prepended.
Mensch refers to a member of the human species, rather than to a male specifically.
The adjective übermenschlich means 'super-human', in the sense of beyond human strength or out of proportion to humanity.
In 'Die fröhliche Wissenschaft' - (The Joyful Science), Nietzsche announces to the reader that “common goal is to erect a new image and ideal of the free spirit,” in reference to the middle period of his work.

'Die fröhliche Wissenschaft' is a book by Friedrich Nietzsche, first published in 1882 and followed by a second edition, which was published after the completion of 'Also Sprach Zarathustra' and 'Jenseits von Gut und Böse' in 1887. It was noted by Nietzsche to be "the most personal of all his books", and contains the greatest number of poems in any of his published works.
'Jenseits von Gut und Böse': Vorspiel einer Philosophie der Zukunft - (Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future)  is a book by philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, first published in 1886.
It draws on and expands the ideas of his previous work, 'Also Sprach Zarathustra', but with a more critical and polemical approach.

In 'Also Sprach Zarathustra' (1883) Nietzsche does indeed “erect a new image and ideal of the free spirit” in his pursuit of the higher man, the 'Übermensch'.
Zarathustra is as a whole a compendium of unleashed, overflowing thoughts of the deep, formulations of mythological figures and profound archetypes, brimming in an ocean of apparent paradox.
The doctrine of the “higher man”, as proposed by Zarathustra, sounds strangely reminiscent to the 'True Will', - the true self that exists in everyone.
This is the equivalent to the inner core, the spiritual seed that is the seat for Gnosis that the ancient Gnostics recognized as the spiritual essence of the soul. 


Hitler visiting Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche at Weimar

Nietzsche introduces the concept of the Übermensch in contrast to the 'other-worldliness' of Christianity: Zarathustra proclaims the Übermensch to be the 'meaning of the earth', and admonishes his audience to ignore those who promise 'other-worldly' hopes in order to draw them away from the earth.
The turn away from the earth is prompted, he says, by a dissatisfaction with life, a dissatisfaction that causes one to create another world in which those who made one unhappy in this life are tormented.

Nietzsche Archiv - Weimar
Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche 
Therese Elisabeth Alexandra Förster-Nietzsche (July 10, 1846 – November 8, 1935), who went by her second name, was the sister of philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, and the creator of the Weimar Nietzsche Archive in 1894.
Förster-Nietzsche was two years younger than her brother. Both were children of a Lutheran pastor in the German village of Röcken bei Lützen. The two children were close during their childhood and early adult years. 
Friedrich Nietzsche's mental collapse occurred in 1889 (he died in 1900), and Elizabeth Förster-Nietzsche cared for her brother during his last years. Elizabeth Förster-Nietzsche took a leading role in promoting her brother, especially through the publication of a collection of Nietzsche's writings under the title 'Der Wille zur Macht' (The Will to Power). In 1930, Elizabeth Förster-Nietzsche, became a member of the NSDAP. After Hitler came to power in 1933, the Nietzsche Archive received financial support and publicity from the government, in return for which Elizabeth Förster-Nietzsche bestowed her brother's considerable prestige on the régime.

The Übermensch is not driven into 'other worlds' and away from this one.
One can see in this a very similar view to that which Hitler held, as exemplified by his disapproval of Christianity.
Nietzsche's Ubermensch was but one more link in an on-going ideational chain.
The thematic continuity is a transcendent faith in humanity's evolutionary ascent towards apotheosis.
This is by no means new.

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017

"Man is becoming God
that is the simple fact.
Man is God in the making"
This doctrine of transformationism dates back nearly 6,000 years, finding its crucible in Mesopotamia.
It was the religious doctrine promulgated by the ancient Babylonian, Egyptian and Hellenistic Mystery cults.
The evolution of man into superman - was always the purpose of the Ancient Mysteries, and it comes as little surprise that Nietzsche viewed the gods of the Bacchic and Dionysian Mysteries so favourably.
They embodied his faith in humanity's emergent deity.
Likewise, Hitler adhered to the religion of 'apotheosized man'.
"Man is becoming God - that is the simple fact. Man is God in the making". (Hitler)
In his coming kingdom of deified humanity, the Führer envisioned a system where the "god-man" justifiably ruled the "mass of lower humanity".
This was in many ways derivative of Nietzsche's racial vision for the future.
In 'Der Wille zur Macht' (The Will to Power), Nietzsche declares:
"A daring and ruling race is building itself up... The aim should be to prepare a transvaluation of values for this new man, - most highly gifted in intellect and will. This man - and the elite around him will become the 'lords of the earth'".

Again, Nietzsche is speaking about a specific 'rasse' - race.
The racialist context is obvious and incontrovertible.

Of course, Nietzsche's prophecy would become central to Hitler's ultimate objectives
The triumph of the 'Übermensch' over humanity reiterates the Gnostic theme of man as a higher being, fettered by a corporeal prison (i.e., the body).

Nietzsche's own version of Gnosis (revelatory experience) is the "transvaluation of values," and the 'enthronement' of self as the final moral authority.
In a Gnostic context, Nietzsche's concept of 'self-deification' is analogous to the transformation of man's sensate being.
In a Nietzschean context, Gnosticism's "immanentized eschaton" becomes the governance of the "lords of the earth"
Not surprisingly, Hitler shared Nietzsche's Gnostic views.

Übermensch as a Goal

 'Also Sprach Zarathustra'

Zarathustra first announces the Übermensch as a goal humanity can set for itself.
All human life would be given meaning by how it advanced a new generation of human beings.
The aspiration of a woman would be to give birth to an Übermensch, for example; her relationships with men would be judged by this standard.
Zarathustra contrasts the Übermensch with the last man of 'egalitarian modernity', an alternative goal which humanity might set for itself
The 'last man' appears only in 'Thus Spoke Zarathustra', and is presented as a condition that would render the creation of the Übermensch impossible.
Some commentators associate the Übermensch with a program of eugenics.
This is most pronounced when considered in the aspect of a goal that humanity sets for itself.
Nietzsche asserts that eugenical regimentation should be implemented with no regard for "rank, descent, or intellect", and he insists that there is an "unhealthy" population that "must at all costs be eliminated".
Undoubtedly Nietzsche fear that such "dysgenics" would interbreed with those of healthier stock.
Remember, Nietzsche's remarks are made in conjunction with procreation, inferring that he believes in a definite connection between hereditary and the "unhealthy."
Moreover, Nietzsche's bestowal of primacy upon the social "whole" shows his collectivist, or völkisch concerns.
Hitler shared such ideas, as is evidenced by his virtual deification of the collective in 'Mein Kampf':
"The sacrifice of personal existence is necessary to secure the preservation of the species" (Adolf Hitler).
For Hitler the Übermensch represents a higher biological type, reached through artificial selection, and at the same time is also an ideal for anyone who is creative and strong enough to master the whole spectrum of human potential, good and "evil", to become an "artist-tyrant". 
In 'Ecce Homo', Nietzsche vehemently denied any idealistic, democratic or humanitarian interpretation of the Übermensch:
'The word Übermensch designates a type of supreme achievement, as opposed to 'modern' men, 'good' men, Christians, and other nihilists ...

'Ecce Homo' is the last original book written by philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche before his final years of insanity that lasted until his death in 1900. It was written in 1888 and was not published until 1908.
The book offers Nietzsche's own interpretation of his development, his works, and his significance. The book contains several chapters with world-historically ironic, supposedly self-laudatory titles, such as "Why I Am So Wise", "Why I Am So Clever", "Why I Write Such Good Books" and "Why I Am a Destiny". 

The concept of the Übermensch proposed by Nietzsche is not identical to the held by Hitler and other Völkisch philosophers.
For Nietzsche the concept was essentially more spiritual than biological, although Hitler's concept was suffused with a significant and essential spiritual element.

Die Herrenrasse

In order to create the Übermensch, Hitler believed that he required a racial foundation - and that was 'die Herrenrasse' (the Master Race).
It is very important to note that the 'Übermensch' and 'Herrenrasse' are not identical, and the former must be built on the latter.
The  concept of the 'Herrenrasse' is purely biological, whereas the concept of the  'Übermensch' is occult.
The 'Herrenvolk' was a concept in Völkisch ideology in which the 'Nordic race', a branch of what in late-19th and early-20th century taxonomy was called the 'Aryan race', represented an ideal and "pure race".
In Völkisch ideology this "Nordic" race was the purest example of the original racial stock of those who were then called the Proto-Aryans, whom were believed to have prehistorically dwelt on the North German Plain, and to have ultimately originated from the lost continent of Atlantis.
The Völkisch philosophers declared that the Nordics, (nowadays referred to as the Germanic peoples), were the true Aryans because they were less racially mixed with "non-native" Indo-European peoples such as the Slavic peoples, the Romance peoples and the Indo-Iranian peoples.
This concept is known as 'Nordicism'.
It was maintained that many of the Slavs that had Nordic traits such as light hair and light eye color were thus seen to be racially fit to be a part of the Herrenrasse.
It was also considered that some Russians, some Poles, some Czechs and some Belarusians to be sufficient subjects for 'Germanisation', in order to be considered Aryan.


Eugenics came to play a prominent role in this racial philosophy, as a way to improve and maintain the "purity" of the Aryan Herrenrasse.
The term Aryan derives from the Sanskrit word (ā́rya), which derived from arya, the original Indo-Iranian autonym.
Eugenics was a concept adhered to by many thinkers in the 1910s, 1920s, and 1930s, such as Margaret Sanger, Marie Stopes, H. G. Wells, Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, Madison Grant, Emile Zola, George Bernard Shaw, John Maynard Keynes, John Harvey Kellogg, Linus Pauling and Sidney Webb.
Aldous Huxley’s best-selling novel 'Brave New World', about a future society based on eugenics, was published in 1932.
Shows, (organized by advocates of eugenics), where men and women appeared on stage in swimsuits in eugenic competitions (only Nordic Aryans were allowed to enter) to be evaluated for their physical and mental qualities as marriage partners were common throughout Europe and North America in the 1920s.
The Völkisch philosophers took this concept to a further extreme by proposing a program to systematically genetically enhance the Nordic Aryans themselves through a program of eugenics,  to create a super race.
Eugenics was a significanr force in scientific, sociological and political circles in the 1920s and 1930s in Germany.
Hitler was very much influenced by this movement, and by his reading of Nietzsche, and Liebenfels.
For Hitler mankind was in the throes of a vast metamorphosis.
A process of change that had lasted literally for thousands of years was approaching its completion.
Man's solar period was coming to its end.
The coming age was revealing itself in the first great human figures of a new type.
Just as, according to the imperishable prophecies of the old Nordic peoples, the world has continually to renew itself, the old order perishing with its gods, just as the Nordic peoples took the sun's passing of the solstices as a figure of the rhythm of life, which proceeds not in a straight line of eternal progress but in a spiral, so must man now, apparently, turn back in order to attain a higher stage.
But more than that, Hitler stressed, he could not say.
There were stages of which he must not allow even himself to speak.
Even this, he said, he only intended to make public when he was no longer living.
Then there would be something really great, an 'overwhelming revelation'.
As had been already said, the 'act of creation', of which Hitler spoke, would not come to pass if it was left to idle, Völkisch dreamers, followers of Lebensreform, - practical actions had to be taken in the real world - as described below.......

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
'Der Geist des Sieges'
taken from an original image by Zac Sawyer
(adapted and published with permission)
from the painting by Franz von Stuck
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
Hitler and Aryan Yout

And so Hitler looked to the youth of Germany for the material on which he and his successors could perform his 'act of creation, his divine operation.'

The youth he was seeking to create - in his own words would be:

“Slim and slender, fast as a greyhound, tough as leather, and hard as Krupp steel.”
Adolf Hitler

Nineteenth-century German youth was not yet hard.
It was innocent.
And it usually belonged to one or another youth group, whether religious, athletic, nature, cultural, or a combination of these.
Some of them built medieval castles in the air.
They were all an expression of restlessness and bewilderment, and well they might have been, for Germany, especially after World War I, was a place which was losing its hold on sense and purpose.

Aryan Youth
Young people in Germany after the 'Great War' not only felt estranged from the government, but from adults in general.
Though the same could be said of youth throughout Europe, particularly in the middle class, the difference in Germany was that it did not, for the most part, attach itself to the liberal cause, the way youth movements elsewhere did.
The German youth movement began at the end of the nineteenth century and was not at all political at first.
It was a romantic protest against a society - a society in which young people seemed to be superfluous.
Middle-class youth had been educated and brought up to believe that they could claim their birthright on coming of age.
Work and position would be theirs.

Franz Kafka
In adolescence, however, they experienced the culture shock of Kafkaesque (see left) alienation.

Franz Kafka (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-language writer of novels and short stories, regarded by critics as one of the most influential authors of the 20th century. Kafka strongly influenced genres such as existentialism. His works, such as 'Die Verwandlung' ("The Metamorphosis"), 'Der Process' ('The Trial'), and 'Das Schloss' ('The Castle'), are filled with the themes and archetypes of alienation, physical and psychological brutality, parent–child conflict, characters on a terrifying quest, and mystical transformations.

Meaningful work and the status that went with it were claimed by the lucky few.
To the rest, young manhood ushered in a period of drift.
The youth groups filled a vacuum.
Everyone seemed to recognize that it was the 'end of an age', and that the futility and smallness which men now felt would not aid them in getting out of the snares of mechanized modern life.
The youth groups, whatever their particular character, had certain things in common: They all promised liberation from artificiality, alienation, and sterility, and wholeheartedly opposed the bourgeoisie, (but not in the way the Jewish Marxists did), who stood for everything that had failed them.
These young people strived to  bring back the romanticism of the Middle Ages.
Its simple faith, loyalty, and high-minded love, contrasted with the impersonality and decadence around them.
But it was not to be all feudal music and peasant crafts.
The youth movement early on fell under the spell of philosophers with  Völkisch notions, men like the occultist Theodor Fritsch (see left); the Orientalist Paul de Lagarde; and Julius Langbehn, who believed he had sufficient magical powers to exorcise the demons from Friedrich Nietzsche, then languishing in an asylum.

Theodor Fritsch
Theodor Fritsch (28 October 1852, in Wiedemar – 8 September 1933, in Markkleeberg), originally Emil Theodor Fritsche, was a German publisher and pundit. His anti-semitic writings did much to influence popular German opinion against Jews in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. 
Fritsch founded the Reichshammerbund in 1912, one of the first political groups to adopt the swastika. He also founded the secret Germanenorden. Members of these groups formed the Thule Society in 1918, which eventually sponsored the creation of the Nazi party.
A believer in the absolute superiority of the Aryan race, Fritsch was upset by the changes brought on by rapid industrialization and urbanization, and called for a return to the traditional peasant values and customs of the distant past, which he believed exemplified the essence of the Volk.

Paul Anton de Lagarde
Paul Anton de Lagarde (2 November 1827 – 22 December 1891) was a German polymath, biblical scholar and orientalist. He has been cited as one of the greatest orientalists of the 19th century. Lagarde's anti-Semitism laid the foundations for aspects of Nazi ideology.
Paul de Lagarde was born in Berlin as Paul Bötticher; in early adulthood he legally adopted the family name of his maternal line out of respect for his great-aunt who raised him. At Berlin and Halle  he studied theology, philosophy and oriental languages.
Lagarde's anti-Semitism laid the foundations for aspects of National Socialist ideology, in particular that of Alfred Rosenberg.

Julius Langbehn
Julius Langbehn (26 March 1851 – 30 April 1907) was a German conservative art historian and philosopher. He was born in Hadersleben, Schleswig (now Haderslev in Denmark), and died in Rosenheim.
Langbehn, Lagarde glorified the survival of the fittest, scolded humanitarians for attempting to protect the racially unfit, and rejected the idea of social equality - “Equality is death, hierarchy is life,”.

Much of this Völkisch thinking was racism mixed with occultism, through the influence of men like Lanz von Liebenfels and List.
Lanz's heroes appealed to the young.

Guido von List
They were larger-than-life and boosted the adolescent egos of their German readers, who could identify with their pure-blooded rage against the despoilers of civilization.

Lanz von Liebenfels
List's teachings were equally flattering.
His glorification of Germanic history and deification of nature were bathed in the rosy glow of a sun which symbolized hidden psychic powers

Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels (July 19, 1874 - April 22, 1954) was a Austrian occultist, former Cistercian monk, and founder of the Ariosophy movement. He was a friend of student of Guido von List. Lanz von Liebenfels helped found the "Guido-von-List-Gesellschaft" (Guido von List society) in 1905 and in 1907 he founded the "Ordo Novi Templi" (Order of the New Templars). He published the magazine 'Ostara', regularly read by Adolf Hitler.
The magazine was founded in 1905 by Lanz, (name of the German goddess of Easter spring) took a huge spread in the German countries, reaching runs over 100,000 copies. It appeared in two series, from 1905 to 1917, eighty-nine numbers and published from 1922 to 1927, with twelve more numbers
In 1904, he published his book 'Theozoologie' in which he glorified the "Aryan race" as "Gottmenschen" ("god-men").
Liebenfels' Swastika
The Grail
Liebenfels proposed the existence of the Gotter-Elektron (the Electron of the Gods), which was a cosmic life force - also known as the 'vril' - which would only be found in the pure blooded Aryans, and which would be capable of transforming them into the Übermensch.
Liebenfels states that "the Aryans are the masterpiece of the gods, and are endowed with supernatural and paranormal, powers derived from the Grail (Gotter-Elektron) emanating from 'centres of power' that confer absolute supremacy over any other creature.
The emblem that Liebenfels chose to use was the swastika.
As the historian George L. Mosse made clear in 'The Culture of Western Europe':
"These men believed that their ideals possessed a tremendous magnetism for the hopeless, rationalistic world of the present....
Some took to the spiritualism of Madame Blavatsky, or to the fad for Oriental sects which promised nirvana from the present."
Shortly after the end of the 'Great War' the whole of Germany was swept up in this esoteric wave, and youth more than anyone.
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
The peculiarly nineteenth-century phenomenon, spiritualism, and its more "scientific" variation, 'Theosophy', in Germany were welded together with a mystical concept of the Völk as a people whose collective "soul" was more than the sum of its parts.

Die Geheimlehre
Theosophy (from Greek θεοσοφία theosophia, from θεός theos, divine + σοφία sophia, wisdom; literally "divine wisdom"), refers to systems of esoteric philosophy concerning, or investigation seeking direct knowledge of, presumed mysteries of being and nature, particularly concerning the nature of divinity.
Theosophy is considered a part of the broader field of esotericism, referring to secret doctrine, (known in Germany as the 'Geheimlehre'),  that offers the individual enlightenment and salvation. The word esoteric dates back to the 2nd century CE. The theosophist seeks to understand the mysteries of the universe and the bonds that unite the universe, humanity and the divine. The goal of theosophy is to explore the origin of divinity and humanity, and the world. From investigation of those topics theosophists try to discover a coherent description of the purpose and origin of the universe.

This Aryan "soul," Germans believed, united the individual German to his geographical location.
The Jew was most comfortable in the city
Every tree and rock of German soil was holy, and spoke to the people, shaping them and causing their creativity.
The intuitive wisdom of which the Aryans, rooted in their land, were capable was hidden from the Jews, those 'eternal wanderers', who had no organic place of their own and, therefore, tried to usurp the fatherlands of others.
On this account, the Jew was most comfortable in the city, alienated from nature and the Völk, and it was that nature emitted a vital ether, a life force, with which only the Aryan was in touch.
He alone could contact an extrasensory world which would yield up its secrets and give him special powers.
This new German romanticism was, above all, occult and mystical, and was eagerly taken up by the young.

Madame Blavatsky
It presented itself as more substantial than the discoveries of science, because science itself did not claim to understand the 'dark mysteries' of the force which drove nature, whereas Madame Blavatsky (see left) and others like her did understand those 'dark mysteries'.
Guido List, borrowing her Theosophy (see right), also did.
Her "ancient wisdom," transposed by him into Germanic wisdom which had been destroyed by Christianity, could be revived through intuition, and would explain the essence of things.
German mystics developed an ideology, consisting of the occult, racism, and romanticism which went down surprisingly well with youth hunting for certainties.
Many young people, Walter Z. Laqueur points out in 'Young Germany':
'joined one of the many new religious and occult sects whose prophets grew like mushrooms in the Völkisch camp between the First and Second World War.'

Mathilde Ludendorff
Of such were Mathilde Ludendorff's (see left) [the general's wife] Tannenberg Bund, Arthur Dinter's group, the Asgard Circle, or Gustav Muller's sect.'
To children whose fathers had been killed in the war, the leaders of these groups became surrogates.
To adolescents disturbed by a fragmented society, they offered solidity.
To students who knew that nothing awaited them upon graduation from school, they offered immersion in the group.
To alienated youth drifting into dreary, unfriendly cities, they offered companionship.
To young people bewildered by the intricacies of sex, they offered the solution of rigorous puritanism.
To children who could no longer believe in the God of their fathers, they offered a new, modern God.
To those thirsting for absolute meanings, they provided absolute answers.
As one participant put it (in E. Y. Hartshorne's 'German Youth and the Nazi Dream of Victory'):

'Mysticism and everything mystical had dominion over us.
It was in our ranks that the word 'Fuhrer' (leader or guide) originated, with its meaning of blind obedience and devotion.
The word 'Bund' arose with us, too, with its mysterious undertone of conspiracy.
And I shall never forget how in those early days we pronounced the word 'Gemeinschaft' ["community"] with a trembling throaty note of excitement, as though it hid a deep secret.'
He goes on more objectively:
'The appeal of this mysticism to the youth of the post-war period was that it offered them a  haven of refuge from the pressing problems of the day.'
A significant proportion of cultured idealistic youth was thus, for years on end, and at the most impressionable age, withdrawn from the tasks of their time, and estranged.
Instead of trying to accept things as they were, they pursued the tradition of German idealism, and became followers of a mysticism which predisposed them to National Socialism.
At a time when the loyal obedience of the soldier was regarded as unworthy of rational men, they adopted the noble habit of obedience to an ideology.

Electron of the Gods
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
Lanz von Liebenfels
Part of this Mysticism that was so attractive to many of the young was a belief in the 'Vril'.
The divine essence, or life force, or 'Vril', was believed to be electromagnetic - "Theo-zoological," in Lanz von Leibenfels (see right) terminology - the 'Electron of the Gods' (see left).
Since the sun was the repository of this energy, it became the fashion for German youth groups, as for occult groups generally, to adopt the emblem of the swastika, a symbol for the sun.
The festival of the changing sun, an old pagan ritual, was given a new occult twist by the Sera Circle, in that the cosmic rays were thought to emit esoteric knowledge along with warmth.

Solar symbol of the Swastika
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
List's Armanen believed that the solar symbol of the swastika (see left) held the key to an ancient "secret science" and that by communing with the ghostly spirits present in certain Germanic ruins, mysterious veils of the past would be lifted.
The 'Cosmic Circle' practiced pagan rituals intended to arouse the life force and awaken clairvoyant powers in people of Germanic blood.
In their songs and dances, the groups tried to recreate that primordial kinship with nature which they supposed ancient man to have had.
They abhorred science and reason as enemies of the life of the soul.
Many of them became vegetarians and teetotallers, for they believed that the purification of the physical body would help the soul to see reality.
They threw over orthodox medicine for spiritual and herbal healing, which were somehow felt to be closer to the primal source.
The youth movement in Germany was essentially conservative because it stressed the importance of the link with the past - not with the traditions of one's parents and grandparents, but with the rites of one's remote ancestors.
While Communist youth was being taught to believe in a classless society in which the individual was subordinated to the state, Völkisch youth was being taught that the Aryan individual was bound to the state through his hereditary ties, that peasantry and rulers were one folk and each had his proper place in the hierarchy.
The peasantry was rhapsodised over, and imitated in dance, song, and dress as being "organic" folk.
But like the Communists, Völkisch youth held the bourgeoisie to be contemptible - the source of all misery.
After World War I, the German youth movements took on more and more the character of anti-Semitic societies, seeing the Jew as the exemplar of the bourgeoisie.
Little by little, Jewish youth was excluded from membership in youth organizations.

At the same time that they were practising spirituality through vegetarianism and abstinence from sex, boys and girls were being encouraged by leaders like de Lagarde, Langbehn, Houston Stewart Chamberlain (see left), and Fritsch to extol force, as the Crusaders had done, in a holy war against the enemies: Freemasons, liberals, and Jews.
The politicization of the youth movement came just after World War I, when the paramilitary 'Freikorps' attracted many former members, to pass them on in turn to the Nazi party, and in some cases, the SS.
Their education in obedience, discipline, selfless service to an ideal, romanticism, and the occult - in a patriarchy where fathers had been taken away to the war - helped to make the transition easy, and they were eager to follow the Führer wherever he might lead.

As one Völkisch youth put it:

Führer und Reichskanzler Adolf Hitler
'One often hears the question why it was that youth spontaneously rallied to Hitler.
But the experiences of war, revolution, and inflation supply an explanation.
We were not spared anything.
We knew and felt the worries in the house.
The shadow of necessity never left our table and made us silent.
We were rudely pushed out of our childhood and not shown the right path.
The struggle for life got to us early.
Misery, shame, hatred, lies, and civil war imprinted themselves on our souls and made us mature early.
So we searched, and found Adolf Hitler (see right).
What attracted us like a magnet was precisely the fact that he only made demands of us and promised us nothing.
He demanded of every person a total commitment to his movement and therefore to Germany.'

HJ Jungen
Hitler-Jugend Fahnenträger
German youth had always been highly organized.
In the Weimar Republic some 4.5 million boys and girls under twenty-one were members of organizations connected with the National Board of German Youth Associations.
Under Hitler, the youth movement became a holy crusade.
By the end of 1934, the Hitler Youth included 6 million members, ranging in age from ten to eighteen.
Membership in other youth organizations was officially discouraged and disintegrated under pressure.
Parents and church groups were in jeopardy if they failed actively to support the Hitler Youth, so that eventually all the young in Germany, according to the contemporary observer, Stephen H. Roberts, were "stamped into the same mould".

Hitler-Jugend Schwimmmannschaft
The "ideological training" Hitler decreed was "to bring up that unspoiled generation which will consciously find its way back to primitive instinct."
The system of indoctrination was perfect.
At ten, each boy joined the 'Young Folk'; and each girl, the 'Union of German Maidens'.
They received uniforms and took a pledge to devote their lives to the Führer.
The child who was willing to assert himself as a leader in this system no longer had to worry about his future.
He knew that he could rise to the top of an elitist cult.
His family usually did not object.

Hitler Jugend Kultur
Paragraph 2 of the Law Relating to the Hitler Youth read that:
"all young Germans in the Reich area are, except in the parental home and at school, to be physically, mentally and morally reared in the spirit of National Socialism for service to the nation and the national community in the Hitler Youth."

For most young people, there was little resistance.
The enthusiasm for the Führer cancelled out all other interests.
Hitler-jugend and the Führer
Even when church groups or parents pleaded with children to keep away from the Hitler Youth, their hearts and souls had been captured by the uniforms, the fife and drums, and the example of their peers, so that not to be included in the Führer's glorious movement became the worst kind of punishment.
The children worshipped the Führer as a god.
To be singled out to see him, and speak to him, was to be elevated to being a 'demigod'.
Hitler was right, however. His pedagogy was hard.
He took the prevailing knowledge about mass propaganda techniques and applied them zealously.

Hitler-jugend Tambourmajor
Almost every moment in the youth camps was regimented.
The mind was led step by step through an intensive drill to accept Nazi principles.
The days were long and active, and the political indoctrination was particularly effective when minds were tired.
The training began with the 'Hitler-Jugend' (Hitler Youth) which was made up of the Hitler-Jugend  proper (abbreviated to HJ), for male youth ages 14–18; the younger boys' section 'Deutsches Jungvolk' for ages 10–14; and the girls' section 'Bund Deutscher Mädel' (BDM, the League of German Girls).
The HJ were viewed as potential future "Aryan Übermensch", and were indoctrinated in occult racist doctrine.
The HJ put more emphasis on physical training than on academic study.

Hitler-Jugend Fahnenträger

The Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen (NSRBL), the umbrella organization promoting and coordinating sport activities in Germany during the Nazi period, had the responsibility of overseeing the physical fitness development programs provided to the German youth.

Hans von Tschammer und Osten
The aims of the promotion of sports in the Third Reich included hardening the spirit of every German as well as making German citizens feel that they were part of a wider national purpose.

Aryan Sport
This was in line with the ideals of Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, the "Father of physical exercises", who connected the steeling of one's own body to a healthy spirit, and promoted the idea of a unified, strong Germany.
A further aim was the demonstration of Aryan physical superiority.
Hans von Tschammer und Osten's impressively staged events of sports pageantry not only enhanced the physical activity, but also the nationalism of Germans.
Nordic aesthetic beauty, and commitment to Germanic ideals of race went hand in hand during the Third Reich, and von Tschammer und Osten implemented a policy of racial exclusion within sports.
Athletes of Jewish origin were excluded from participation in relevant sporting events.

Hitler-Jugend Trompeter
Hitler-Jugend und Blumen
After the boy scout movement was banned through German-controlled countries, the HJ appropriated many of its activities, though changed in content and intention.
For example, many HJ activities closely resembled military training, with weapons training, assault course circuits and basic tactics.
Some cruelty by the older boys toward the younger ones was tolerated and even encouraged, since it was believed this would weed out the unfit and harden the rest.
The HJ wore uniforms very like those of the SA, with similar ranks and insignia.


Die Quelle des Lebens Verein - Lebensborn - (Fount of Life Society) was founded on December 12, 1935, in part as a response to declining birth rates in Germany, in order to promote the policies of Nazi eugenics in an attempt to produce the very best Aryan children.

Located in Munich, the organisation was partly an office within the Schutzstaffel (SS) responsible for certain family welfare programmes.
The purpose of the programme was to provide incentives to encourage Germans, especially SS members, to have more children.
On September 13, 1936, Himmler wrote the following to members of SS:

'The organization "Lebensborn e. V." serves the SS leaders in the selection and adoption of qualified children. The organisation "Lebensborn e. V." is under my personal direction, is part of the race and settlement central bureau of the SS, and has the following obligations:
(1) aid for racially and biologically-hereditarily valuable families.
(2) the accommodation of racially and biologically-hereditarily valuable mothers in appropriate homes, etc.
(3) care of the children of such families
(4) care of the mothers
It is the honourable duty of all leaders of the central bureau to become members of the organisation "Lebensborn e. V.".'

In 1939, membership stood at 8,000 , of which 3,500 were SS leaders.
The Lebensborn office was part of SS Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt (SS Office of Race and Settlement) until 1938, when it was transferred to Hauptamt Persönlicher Stab Reichsführer-SS (Personal Staff of the Reich Leader SS), i.e. directly overseen by Himmler.
Leaders of Lebensborn e. V. were SS-Standartenführer Max Sollmann and SS-Oberführer Dr. Gregor Ebner.

Edward Bulwer-Lytton
It is sometimes thought that Himmler developed the idea for this experiment in "accelerated evolution" during his short-lived career as a chicken farmer in the early 1920s.
But, in actuality, Himmler was a member of an occult group called the 'Artamen', which drew its inspiration from both esoteric and "racial hygiene" sources.
In the Nineteenth Century, Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton wrote a novel called 'Vril, or The Coming Race', which imagined humanity taking charge of its own evolution and developing "the new race."
Madame Blavatsky
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
Elena Petrovna von Hahn Blavatsky, better known as Madame Blavatsky, elaborated on the idea in her two-volume book, 'Die Geheimlehre' (The Secret Doctrine).
Once installed at Hitler's right hand, and subject to Hitler's influence, Himmler,  started up a flurry of  projects, of which the Lebensborn was only one.
The occult purpose of the Lebensborn was to provide boys who would eventually be sent to the 'Burgs' (see below)
The stated purpose of the society was to care particularly for unmarried mothers of good blood made pregnant by SS or police officers, and to allow them to have their children in private.
These children were then placed with SS families who wanted to adopt a child, or efforts were made to induce the father to shoulder his responsibilities and marry the girl.
Stories spread later that Lebensborn maternity homes were little more than 'stud farms' where SS officers could meet suitable pure-blooded girls to propagate for the Reich, or, as the word went, 'to present the Führer with a child.'
At first the Lebensborn was under the Rasse-und- Siedlungshauptamt (Race and Settlement Main Office), Sippenamt (Family and Clan Office) division.
Initially, the programme served as a welfare institution for wives of SS officers; the organisation ran facilities—primarily maternity homes—where women could give birth or get help with family matters. Furthermore, the programme accepted unmarried women who were either pregnant or had already given birth and were in need of aid, provided that both the woman and the father of the child were "racially valuable".

Later, such facilities also served as temporary homes, orphanages, and as an adoption service.
When dealing with non-SS members, parents and children were usually examined by SS doctors before admittance.
The first Lebensborn home (known as 'Heim Hochland') opened in 1936 in Steinhöring, a tiny village not far from Munich.
The first home outside of Germany opened in Norway in 1941.
While Lebensborn e. V. established facilities in several occupied countries, activities were concentrated around Germany, Norway and the occupied north-eastern Europe, mainly Poland.
The main focus in occupied Norway was aiding children born by German soldiers and Norwegian women; in north-eastern Europe the organisation, in addition to services provided to SS members, engaged in the movement of children, mostly orphans, to families in Germany.
Lebensborn e. V. had facilities, or planned to, in the following countries (some were merely field offices):
Germany: 10
Austria: 3
North-eastern occupied Europe (Poland): 3
Norway: 9 (or as many as 15)
Denmark: 2
France: 1 (February, 1944 - August, 1944) - in Lamorlaye
Belgium: 1 (March, 1943 - September, 1944) - in Wégimont, municipality of Soumagne
Netherlands: 1
Luxembourg: 1
About 8,000 children were born in Lebensborn homes in Germany, and another 8,000 in Norway.
Elsewhere, the total number of births was much lower.

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
The Napolas - 
'Mehr sein als scheinen'

Napola Candidates
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
It was not enough, however, to prepare his youth with the training provided by the Hitler-Jugend.
Youth had to be honed and perfected for a truly unimaginable role.
So, to that end Himmler was instructed to 'aquire' the Napolas, (Nationalpolitische Lehranstalt) from the Minististry of Education, headed by  Bernhard Rust.
The Napolas were originally secondary boarding schools in the Third Reich.
They were founded as "community education sites" after the National Socialist seizure of power in 1933.
The initial goal of the schools was to raise a new generation for the political, military, and administrative leadership for the Third Reich.
Life at the Napolas was dominated by a strict  military discipline.
Only boys considered to be "racially flawless" were admitted to the establishments
This meant that no boys with poor hearing or vision were accepted.
"Above-average intelligence" was also required, so that those looking to be admitted had to complete 8-day academic and physical entrance exams.

The official descriptor (rank) of a Napola cadet was “Jungmann” (plural "Jungmannen"), used similarly to the term “Cadet” in military schools in other countries.

Napola cadets were between 11 and 18 years of age.
Life in the Napolas was very competitive.
Approximately one fifth of all cadets washed out, or were sent home because of injuries sustained in training accidents.
The percentage of Jungmannen who eventually entered the SS was 13%, much higher than the 1.8% in the general German population.

Napola Schwimmmannschaft
The National Socialist world view was considered paramount in Napola education.
The first three Napolas were founded in 1933 by the Minister of Education Bernhard Rust in Plön, Potsdam, and Köslin.
The schools initially responded directly to the Reich Ministry for Education, rather than to any state, like regular schools.

From 1936, the Napolas were subordinated to the Inspector of the National Political Institutes of Education and SS Obergruppenführer August Heissmeyer.

From 1939, they were part of the Hauptamt Dienststelle SS-Obergruppenführer Heißmeyer.
Therewith the schools were under the direct influence of the SS, and Heißmeier pressured teachers to join the SS.
He also introduced uniforms and ranks similar to the SS among students and teachers.
By 1941 there were 30 Napolas with 6,000 students enrolled in all of Nazi Germany.
In 1942 there were 33 schools.
By the end of the war there were 43 schools.

Nationalpolitische Lehranstalt 

CityOfficial TitleRegionFoundedFormer use
PlönNPEA PlönSchleswig-Holstein1 May 1933Stabila (Staatliche Bildungsanstalt, "National Education Facility")
PotsdamNPEA PotsdamBrandenburg26 May 1933Stabila
KöslinNPEA KöslinPomerania (today Poland)15 July 1933Stabila
Berlin-SpandauNPEA Berlin-SpandauBerlin30 January 1934Prussian Academy for Gymnastics; school for teachers
NaumburgNPEA NaumburgPrussian Province of Saxony15 March 1934Stabila/Military school
IlfeldNPEA IlfeldPrussian province of Hanover/Prussian Province of Saxony20 April 1934Cloisters/Seminary
WahlstattNPEA WahlstattSilesia (today Poland)9 April 1934Stabila
OraniensteinNPEA OraniensteinPrussian province of Hesse-Nassau1934Military school/Realgymnasium/Castle
StuhmNPEA StuhmEast Prussia (today Poland)1 October 1934Barracks
BallenstedtNPEA AnhaltAnhaltMay 1934City Gymnasium (secondary school)
Dresden-KlotzscheNPEA Dresden KlotzscheSaxony1 April 1934Landesschule
BacknangNPEA BacknangWürttemberg2 May 1934Teacher Seminary
BensbergNPEA BensbergPrussian Rhine Province1 June 1935Military school/Castle
SchulpfortaNPEA SchulpfortaPrussian Province of Saxony1 July 1935Landesschule zu Pforta (state school Pforta, currently Landesschule Pforta in Saxony-Anhalt)
RottweilNPEA RottweilWürttemberg1 April 1936Catholic Seminary
NeuzelleNPEA NeuzelleBrandenburg1934/1938Abbey (Stift), Boarding school for girls
Wien-TheresianumNPEA Wien-TheresianumVienna (Austria)13 March 1939Academy
Wien-BreitenseeNPEA Wien-BreitenseeVienna (Austria)13 March 1939Austrian Federal School (Bundeserziehungsanstalt) (Kommandogebäude Theodor Körner part of the Breitensee Barracks in Vienna)
TraiskirchenNPEA TraiskirchenLower Danube (Austria)13 March 1939Austrian Federal School (Bundeserziehungsanstalt)
Ploschkowitz (Ploskovice)NPEA SudetenlandSudetenland (today Czech Republic)10 October 1940Ploskovice Castle
Reisen (Rydzyna)NPEA WarthelandWarthegau (today Poland)1940Polish boarding school for boys in Rydzyna Castle
LobenNPEA Loben(East-) Upper Silesia (today Poland)1 April 1941School for children with speech impediments
PutbusNPEA RügenPomerania1 September 1941Pädagogium (Stift)
ReichenauNPEA ReichenauBaden1941Hospice
St WendelNPEA St WendelSaarland1 September 1941International School of the Steyler Mission
Weierhof bei MarnheimNPEA am DonnersbergBavaria (Saar Palatinate)1941Gau-Oberschule (Reich regional secondary school?)
Sankt Paul im LavanttalNPEA Spanheim in KärntenCarinthia (Austria)1941Benedictine Abbey
VorauNPEA GottweigStyria (Austria)January 1943Augustine Abbey
SeckauNPEA SeckauStyria (Austria)1941Benedictine Abbey (Stift)
RufachNPEA RufachAlsace (today France)October 1940Hospice
HaselünneNPEA EmslandPrussian province of Hanover17 October 1941Cloister/Seminary for the Ursuline Order
NeubeuernNPEA NeubeuernBavariaMay 1942Castle and state boarding school
St VeitNPEA St VeitCarinthia (Austria)July 1942Catholic Seminary and Gymnasium
MokritzNPEA MokritzStyria (Austria)1942Castle
AchernNPEA AchernBadenAugust 1943The Illenau Sanatorium and Hospice
Kuttenberg (Kutná Hora)NPEA BöhmenProtectorate of Bohemia and Moravia22 April 1944Jesuit college and barracks
Raudnitz an der Elbe (Roudnice nad Labem)NPEA RaudnitzProtectorate of Bohemia and MoraviaJuly 1944Roudnice Castle

© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017

'My teaching is hard.
Adolf Hitler

After a successful career at a Napola a youth would move up to an Ordensburgen (Order Castles).
The Ordensburg program began in the spring of 1933.
'In my great educative work I am beginning with the young.We older ones are used up - we are old already.We are rotten to the marrow.We have no unrestrained instincts left.We are cowardly and sentimental.We are bearing the burden of a humiliating past, and have in our blood the dull recollection of serfdom and servility.But my magnificent youngsters ! Are there finer ones anywhere in the world ? Look at these young men and boys ! What material !With them I can make a new world.My teaching is hard. Weakness has to be knocked out of them.In my Ordensburgen a youth will grow up before which the world will shrink back.A violently active, dominating, intrepid, brutal youth - that is what I am after. Youth must be all those things.It must be indifferent to pain.There must be no weakness or tenderness in it.I want to see once more in its eyes the gleam of pride and independence of the beast of prey.Strong and handsome must my young men be.I will have them fully trained in all physical exercises.I intend to have an athletic youth - that is the first and the chief thing.In this way I shall eradicate the thousands of years of human domestication. Then I shall have in front of me the pure and noble natural material.With that I can create the new order.I will have no intellectual training.Knowledge is ruin to my young men.I would have them learn only what takes their fancy.But one thing they must learn - self-command !They shall learn to overcome the fear of death, under the severest tests.That is the intrepid and heroic stage of youth.Out of it comes the stage of the free man, the man who is the substance and essence of the world, the creative man, the 'god-man'.In my Ordensburgen there will stand as a statue for worship the figure of the magnificent, self-ordaining 'god-man'; it will prepare the young men for their coming period of ripe manhood. More than that I cannot say.'
Adolf Hitler

The 'Burgs were planned in various remote locations such the Pomerania lakes District in West Prussia, the Eifel in west Germany, the Allgäu in Bavaria and along the Nogat River in East Prussia.
Ordensjunkers (Castle Squires) candidates were required to be at least 5 ft 4, between 23 and 26, racially pure and in good health, and without any physical limitations.

Krössinsee - Die Falkenburg am Krössinsee

Krössinsee Ordensburg
Die Falkenburg am Krössinsee
Krössinsee Ordensburg
Die Falkenburg am Krössinsee
Completed in less two years and dedicated simultaneously with Vogelsang and Sonthofen on April 24, 1936 by Adolf Hitler, Krössinsee represented the program's first year of training and ending four years later at Marienburg.
Built by architect Clemens Klotz, the Volkish styled complex of buildings consisted of numerous buildings with granite foundations, rustic stone facades and thatched roofs and cost an estimated 20 million Reichsmarks to complete.
The complex was laid out on a grid system and consisted of two 150-foot (46 m) towers, the barracks called the Kameradschafthausen, a court of honor, sports hall and mammoth administration building.
Classes began each morning at 7 am and included studies in philosophy, politics and world history. Afternoons were devoted to military drills, battle tactics, sports and equestrian techniques. The school was recognized for its outstanding equestrian program.
The nearby lake provided the means for students to develop their rowing and sailing skills.
On May 16, 1941, the Ordensburg was renamed Die Falkenburg am Krössinsee.


The second year of study in the Junker program was held at Burg Vogelsang locating on a slope overlooking the Urft river in the region of west Germany called the Eifel.

Burg Vogelsang 
Built by Clemens Klotz, the sprawling complex included the Adlerhof (Eagle court), a church like structure called the Gemeinschaftshaus (community house), Wirtschauftgegebäude (economics building), Haus des Wissens or (House of Knowledge), the Kameradschaftshäusen or (Barracks), the Burgsschenke or cantine, Swim and sports Hall.
The daily rountine consisted of 6:00 early morning exercise 7:00 muster, 8:00 - 10:00 project groups, 10:00 - 12:00, mess followed by lectures and afternoon sports, group projects 5:00 - 6:30 pm and rest at 10:00 pm. Studies consisted of National socialist race science, geopolitics and intensive sportive education (especially equitation).
Another emphasis was pilot training.


Ordensburg Sonthofen
Ordensburg Sonthofen
It was at Ordensburg Sonthofen that the Junkers would have begun their third year of study,

Designed by one of Hitler's favorite architects, Hermann Giesler, the huge complex underwent revisions and expansions lasting eight years at a cost of 150 million German Reichsmarks.
Phase one which took two years to build was dedicated simultaneously with Krössinsee and Vogelsang on April 24, 1936 and included the Burg (central castle) with its Ehrenhof (court of honor), Wohnhof (assembly grounds) and the east and west wings of the structure consisting of the Fuchsbau (Wolf's Den/cantine) and Gemeinschaftsraum (community room).
Ordensburg Sonthofen
Phase two completed in 1937 included the Unterkunftsgebäude (accommodations or barracks building), Turnhalle (gymnasium) and the 140-foot (43 m) Palace (tower) which was completely functional.
Phase three consisted of the Schwimmhalle (pool), Musiksaal (music room), Gymnastiksaal, Technisches Haus, Seminarbau as well as several other structures.
The day began with inspection at 6 am followed by a rigid class room study of German history, geography, Social studies, World history, studies in racial doctrine, fine arts and metal works. Sports and conditioning, a vital part of the program was conducted in the late afternoon.
Skiing played an essential role during the long winter months.


Nestled on the banks of the Nogat river is one of the greatest castles of the middle ages.
Built during the 13th and 14th century by the legendary Teutonic Knights, Marienburg not only served as the order's principal fortress but during the Third Reich it was used as a Nazi shrine for mythical Germanic worship.
Youth groups from all over Germany would descend on the castles to partake in a variety of ceremonies, rituals and theatrical pageants.
The leadership of the Reich found the strict military and monastic life style of the Teutonic order very conducive to the development and training the Führer's rising generation.
Ordensjunkers advanced from their third year at Sonthofen to their fourth and final year at Ordensburg Marienburg.
Within the shadows of the historic Teutonic fortress where the legendary knights ruled the Prussian lands five centuries before, the Junkers of the Third Reich would've completed their training just outside the wall of the lower castle.
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
And the completion of their training would be the 'act of creation, the divine operation,
the goal of a biological mutation which would result in an unprecedented exaltation of the human race, and the appearance of a new race of heroes, demi-gods and god-men'.

Each young man would be a chalice into which the essence of the divine would be poured, like a spear penetrating the cup of the grail - erlösung ist dem erlöser

"I am founding an Order.
It is from the burgs that the second
stage will emerge – the stage of the 'Man-God', when Man will be the measure and centre of the world.
The 'Man-God', that splendid Being, will be an object of worship ...
But there are other stages about which I am not permitted to speak ..."

Adolf Hitler
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017
“The New Man is living among us now! He is here!
I will tell you a secret. I have seen the New Man. He is intrepid and cruel. I was afraid of him!"

Adolf Hitler


'The Jew is the anti-man, the creature of another god.
He must have come from another root of the human race.'

Adolf Hitler
Homonid Evolution

 The Demiurge
On the third planet from the sun the Demiurge formed organic life, and set in process the evolutionary forces that were eventually responsible for the appearance of hominids.
Demiourgós is the term for the Archon who formed the cosmos.
This 'world-former' is not identical with the ONE, who is the first and supreme source of all being.
The reasons why the Demiurge copied the Forms as in a clouded, distorted mirror is unknown, but undoubtedly the glory of the πλήρωμα (the fullness of the eternal Forms) was hidden from him.
However, the demiurge, using as models the reflected distortions that fell on his domain, sought to duplicate the divine originals.
In this imperfect manner he fashioned the world of nature (physis), whose main elements are time (chronos), space (kenos) and change (rheos).
Out of space was formed matter (hyle), and from this the demiurge formed, from the distorted patterns on the Katapetasma, the cosmos and all living creatures including, on this world, man.
Time likewise was made in imitation of the 'eternal present' prevailing in the plērōma.
The objects and creatures in the sphere of the demiurge (Kingdom) are mere caricatures, like the impress of imperfect seals and the fruit of misshapen ideas.
They are as illusive as shadows and incomplete.
That is why the cosmos is spoken of as counterfeit (antimimos), and the demiurge called the 'ape of God' (Lat. simia Dei).

Evolution is the change in the inherited characteristics of biological populations over successive generations. Evolutionary processes give rise to diversity at every level of biological organisation, including species, individual organisms and molecules such as DNA and proteins.
Life on Earth originated and then evolved from a universal common ancestor approximately 3.7 billion years ago. Repeated speciation and the divergence of life can be inferred from shared sets of biochemical and morphological traits, or by shared DNA sequences. These homologous traits and sequences are more similar among species that share a more recent common ancestor, and can be used to reconstruct evolutionary histories, using both existing species and the fossil record. Existing patterns of biodiversity have been shaped both by speciation and by extinction.
The hominids gradually evolved and developed into the form known to human science as 'Homo Neanderthalensis'.

Neanderthals are classified as a separate human species (Homo neanderthalensis). The first proto-Neanderthal traits appeared in Europe as early as 600,000–350,000 years ago. Proto-Neanderthal traits are occasionally grouped with another phenetic 'species', Homo heidelbergensis, or a migrant form, Homo rhodesiensis. Genetic evidence published in 2010 suggests they contributed DNA to anatomically modern humans through interbreeding between Neanderthals and the earliest Humans that dispersed out of Africa. This is thought to have occurred between 80,000 and 50,000 years ago. The species is named after the site of its first discovery about 12 km (7.5 mi) east of Düsseldorf, Germany, in the Feldhofer Cave in the river Düssel's Neander valley. Neanderthal anatomy was more robust than anatomically modern humans and they had less neotenized skulls

This development took place in what human science calls the Pleistocene period, and was geographically found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia.

Cro-Magnon Man

These hominids were the first truly sentient beings on the planet, the Aeons, permitted pre-existent spirits to be incarnated in these primitive forms.

Gnostic Aeon
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2017

In Gnostic systems, the various emanations of God, who is also known as the One, are called Aeons. In the different systems these emanations are differently named, classified, and described, but the emanation theory itself is common to all forms of Gnosticism.
The English word spirit (from Latin spiritus "breath") has many differing meanings and connotations, most of them relating to a non-corporeal substance contrasted with the material body. The word spirit is often used metaphysically to refer to the consciousness or personality. The notions of a person's "spirit" and "soul" often also overlap, as both contrast with body and both are understood as surviving the bodily death in religion and occultism.

The Aeons, having become aware of the significance of sentient life on the planet then formed a new hominid race, which human science has often described as 'Cro-Magnon Man', and permitted pre-existent spirits to be incarnated in these more developed forms - on the assumption that the lesser form 'Homo Neanderthalensis', being the work of the Demiourgós, would, in time become extinct, as had so many of his other creatures.

Cro-Magnon Man
Cro-Magnon is an informal name for the first early modern humans (early Homo sapiens sapiens) of the European Upper Paleolithic. Current scientific literature prefers the term European Early Modern Humans (EEMH). The earliest known remains of Cro-Magnon-like humans are radiocarbon dated to 43,000 years before present. Cro-Magnons were robustly built and powerful. The body was generally heavy and solid with a strong musculature. The forehead was fairly straight rather than sloping like in Neanderthals, and with only slight browridges. Like other modern humans, Cro-Magnons had a prominent chin. The brain capacity was about 1,600 cubic centimetres (98 cu in), larger than the average for modern humans, however recent research suggests that the physical dimensions of so-called "Cro-Magnon" are not sufficiently different from modern humans to warrant a separate designation

The Àrya

Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon Girl
'Noble Race'
What was not expected was that the Neanderthals and the 'true men' would interbreed - the Aeons, had believed that the Neanderthals would have become extinct before such an unfortunate event could have occurred..
The resulting races were hybrids (mixed-race), in which the Neanderthal traits dominated, and these lower hybrid races - the non-Aryan races - were designated by the Aeons as 'the creation of a lesser god' - the lesser god being the Demiurge.
The truly human hominids, to the Aeons, were the 'Noble Race' - known to themselves as Àrya or Aryans.
The lower races - 'the creation of the lesser god' - became the vehicles of the qliphoth, while the higher souls incarnated in the children of the Àrya.

The term Aryan originates from the Sanskrit word ārya, in origin an ethnic self-designation, in Classical Sanskrit meaning "honourable, respectable, noble".
The Qliphoth/Qelippot or Kelipot - literally "Peels", "Shells" or "Husks", from singular: קליפה Qliphah/Kelipah "Husk") are the representation of evil or impure 
spiritual forces.

Neanderthal and
Cro-Magnon man
Cro-Magnon man was named after the cave in France where the first remains were found.
Cro-Magnon man first appeared in Europe roughly 40,000 years ago and was the first human to have a high forehead, a prominent chin, and gracile skeleton.
Due to the extreme selection of the Caucasoid migration over the Caucasus Mountains, through the Eurasian Steppes, and up the Danubian Corridor, what emerged in Western Europe was a distinctly different species from the 'mixed race' (Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon) Negroid and Mongoloid lines of Homo sapiens.
As Western and Northern European Caucasians are directly descended from Cro-Magnon, by default Western and Northern European Caucasians (i.e. the Nordic sub-race of Caucasians) are not a race but are in fact a totally different species than Negroids and Mongoloids.
Cro-Magnons went on to become what are known today as the Nordic races of Caucasians, also called the Proto-Aryans from the root race that spawned the family of Indo-European languages.
These Proto-Aryans are from whom the distinctly Nordic features of colored hair and eyes and pale skin arose.
As Humans migrated into Western Europe from the Eurasian Steppes the environmental conditions were so harsh that only a select few of the strongest and most clever survived the migration to pass their genetic material on to following generations.
Hence, Cro-Magnon man became much taller and more robust.
They also developed an extremely large brain of 1600 cubic centimeters on average, 400 cubic centimeters larger than the average modern Negroid brain, and 200 cubic centimeters larger than the average modern Caucasian and Mongoloid brain.
Yet though there was a reduction in overall brain size in modern Caucasians from our early Cro-Magnon ancestors, the Nordic sub-race of Caucasians have retained the large frontal lobe region, which is the creative and reasoning center of the brain.
As for Negroids and Mongoloids, they lack the highly developed frontal lobes, which are responsible for attention, behavior, emotion, intellect, initiative, judgment, personality, and most importantly abstract thinking, problem solving, and creative thought.
Though Mongoloid brains are statistically slightly larger than Caucasoid brains the bulk if their brain power is located in their slightly larger Temporal lobes, which controls auditory and visual memories, language, some hearing, and speech, hence mongoloids have a slightly higher verbal intellect, and memory.
Yet it is creativity that separates us from the animals, all of the most profound creative achievements of humankind have been accomplished by Nordic Caucasoids.
Other races simply lack the creativity of the direct descendants of Cro-Magnon man.
They do not create or innovate, they simply infiltrate and imitate.
They only exploit that which western culture has already established, never adding anything of value.
This major difference in the modern Nordic Brain is a trait directly inherited from Cro-Magnon, and is what sets the Nordic brain apart as compared to other human brains.
The highly developed frontal lobes displayed by the high forehead of the Cro-Magnon or Nordic skull, but not shared by other humans known for their sloped forehead.
These highly developed frontal lobes allowed the ancestors of the Nordic sub-race of Caucasians to become the first inventors of writing, the first artists, the first builders, the first seafarers.
They also had the first form of complex religious expression and complex social structure.
This Cro-Magnon trait of a high forehead can only be seen today in modern Nordic Caucasians as distinguished from other Caucasian sub-races, which are simply hybrids (mixed race) of the pure Cro-Magnon descendents and the Negroid/Mongoloid lines of Homo sapiens.
Hence Western and Northern Europeans are the purest and most direct descendants of the Cro-Magnons.
By the time the glacial ice began to recede from Northern Europe the Cro-Magnon was firmly settled in Western Europe and the Neanderthals were extinct.
The most advanced of these Cro-Magnons appeared in Western Europe around 17,000 years ago and are known as the Solutreans or Proto-Aryans, which lived on the coastal regions of Western Europe and Doggerland.
This advanced culture of Cro-Magnons was subjected to a mutation, which caused an evolutionary leap in their society resulting in the development of advanced technologies.
This allowed for a rise in population forcing this people to seek new land to support their population, thus creating the impetus for them to forge the first world empire.

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  1. Wonderful! How I love your texts and the pictures! Maybe you are on Facebook too? My nick name there is Donar van Holland. All the Best! Sieg Heil!

  2. No mention of Francis Galton considered to be the founding father of eugenics.

    1. Correct - Please see Ostara and Liebenfels :
      Please understand that not everything can be included in one post, or even one blog.
      Many thanks for your comment...